5 Top Causes of Eye Problems in Iraq you Don’t Know About

  • 04 Mar 2020
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Contents :

Common eye problems in Iraq

Leading Causes of Blindness in Iraq

Nowadays, eye disease is a prevailing problem in developing countries. A case study conducted in Iraq in 2007 shows that the common and main five causes of eye disease are cataracts, diabetic retinopathy, Corneal scars, blast injury, and glaucoma. The research indicates that the main cause leading to blindness is the lack of awareness. Iraq is a developing country and most of the people involved in the study were illiterate and old. If you are an Iraqi citizen looking for causes of blindness in your homeland, I highly recommend reading this article.

Iraq has a turbulent history and has been in agony for decades. This is a major problem that has a direct impact on the development of the country’s culture, lifestyle, science, and medicine. Of course, if you are an Iraqi citizen, you know the problem of your own country and the difficulties you cope with. The country lacks the equipment and specialized doctors for treating eye disease and this, unfortunately, has led to blindness in most people coping with eye problems. If you want to get a treatment, you have to wait behind the long-waiting list at the hospitals and clinics and repeated postponement of surgery.

You may have noticed the growing eye problems in the country and lack of eye care. As you are reading this article, you are maybe one of the people who have eye problems and looking for the common causes of blindness in Iraq. A report conducted in Ibn Al-Haitham Teaching Eye Hospital (IAHTEH), which is the central teaching eye hospital in the country, in Baghdad, Iraq, indicates the leading causes of blindness in Iraq are cataract, diabetic retinopathy, blast injury, corneal scars, and glaucoma. The following is the report of the study; out of 18612 consecutive subjects (range:6-80) cataract was present in 378(76%), advanced diabetic retinopathy 64(13%) glaucoma 25(5%) subjects. Interestingly, most of the subjects were unaware of their eye problem or high costs of medications prevented them from seeking treatment.


Cataracts are the clouding or whitening of the naturally clear lens of your eye. Most cataracts don’t disturb your eye vision when you’re young because they grow slowly. But gradually they will interfere with your eyesight as you age. The best treatment at that time is surgery. Cataract has been reported as one of the leading causes of blindness in Iraq in Ibn Al-Haitham Teaching Eye Hospital (IAHTEH). Cataract is directly related to age and most of the people who have this eye problem are elder uneducated Iraqi people. In Iraq, you have to wait to get your treatment for cataract surgery because there is no specialized eye doctor in Iraq or if there is, they are few in number. Poor general medications, distance from the hospital, lack of companion to the hospital, and fear of surgery are among the common causes leading to cataract and blindness in Iraq.


Glaucoma is a condition in which the optic nerve is damaged, causing vision loss. The increased pressure in your eye damages the optic nerve and if the damage worsens, glaucoma can cause vision loss. It often gets worse over time, so you don’t get it until a later time. Glaucoma usually develops in the following patients who have, age over 40, family history of glaucoma, diabetes, injury to your eye, nearsighted or farsighted. In Iraq, glaucoma is the leading cause of blindness and the study shows that the blind subjects maintain a simple quality of life and were unemployed and illiterate. Barriers to access treatment, poor compliance and high cost of medications in Iraq were reported as the main causes of blindness and eye problem.

#3-Diabetic retinopathy

Diabetic eye disease refers to a group of eye diseases that can occur as a result of diabetes. Without diagnosis and treatment, diabetic eye disease can cause severe vision loss or even blindness. Diabetic retinopathy is the most common diabetic eye disease and is a leading cause of blindness in persons with diabetes. It is caused by changes in the blood vessels of the retina. The retina is the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye.

A healthy retina is necessary for good vision. In some people with diabetic retinopathy, the blood vessels of the retina may swell and leak fluid or blood. At first, diabetic retinopathy may not cause changes to your vision. But over time, diabetic retinopathy can get worse and lead to blindness. Since diabetic retinopathy is related to diabetes, Iraq has very poor health care and most people who have diabetes develop diabetic retinopathy very soon. The most significant barriers to accessing treatment in Iraq were lack of awareness about diabetic eye complications, unavailability of treatment (laser or vitrectomy) and fear of surgery.

#4- Corneal scars

As you know, the cornea is the clear shield that covers over the front of the eye and it’s probably the clearest tissue in the human body. This helps light passes smoothly into the eye but if there is an injury to the cornea with a hit or a scratch or if there is a severe ulcer or infection on the cornea, it can heal with a scar. Sometimes we need scarring because it helps strength and stability moving forward for the cornea. But the cloudy part of the scar can definitely disturb the vision.

There are two types of scars; some on the surface and some deeper in the cornea. The one on the surface can cause unevenness or irregularity of the surface and different cloudy areas. Scars in the deeper cornea require us to remove more layers and get deeper into the eye to get those scars removed. Corneal scars in Iraq are the leading cause of blindness in so many people. A recent survey reported that 25% of the Iraqi population lives below the poverty line. One subject had bilateral corneal scars caused by wearing cosmetic contact lens because they cannot afford to buy eye surgery.

#5-Blast injury eyes

Blast injury is a fairly common injury associated with terrorist attacks in particular. You have heard or seen every night on the news what’s going on in Iraq and the Middle- East. It is a very easy type of a blast injury to inflict upon a civilian population and it’s a potential injury as Iraqi people might have noticed. Explosions are a very low cost to put together something that will make a medical problem and disorder. If you have been to Iraq, the roadside incendiary bombs and improvised devices caused so many blast injuries in the eye and other parts of the victim’s body. Blast injuries in Iraq were the cause of 6 (1.2%) subjects aged between 8 to 35 years.

Eyecare in Iran

In recent years, Iran has become very popular in eye surgery and ever since, it was a favorite destination for foreign patients. One of the features that make Iran one of the topes in Eyecare is the affordable costs of eye surgery. Every kind of eye diseases such as cataract, glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration, strabismus, LASIK surgery, and pink eye are performed in Iran. The cost of eye surgery in Iran includes transportation, sim-card, residence, interpreter, hotel, and the surgery itself. Besides eye treatment in Iran, you can travel to different cities in Iran for tourism and have a whole fun. You can visit our website and contact our team to book your package for eye surgery at a reasonable price.

Cataract Treatment in Iran

Eyecare in Iran is made simple. Eye surgery in Iran is performed at a reasonable cost and in the best clinics and hospitals. Don’t miss this valuable opportunity. The cataract surgery cost in Iran is affordable. Interestingly this cost includes the cost of your operation and eye surgery, residence, hotel, transportation, and free sim-card. For more information, visit our website at or read our package about cataract.

Glaucoma Treatment in Iran

As mentioned above, glaucoma is one of the causes of blindness in Iraq. If you suffer from this eye problem and you cannot afford to have a glaucoma treatment, glaucoma surgery in Iran is the best solution. Eyecare in Iran has been developed drastically and every day different eye surgeries are performed in Iran. Eye surgery cost in Iran is relatively low compared to other countries. You can visit our website to book our package at a reasonable cost. It’s worth mentioning that the cost of eye surgery includes surgery, transportation, residence, and interpreter.

Diabetic retinopathy eye Treatment in Iran

In recent years, Iran has become a popular destination in medical-tourism. Every year we see people from different parts of the world flock to Iran for eye surgery. Eyecare in Iran has become eminent because of the quality of eye surgery in Iran and most importantly the specialized doctors and hospitals. Besides, cost eye surgery in Iran is reasonable and affordable and you can have your eye surgery in Iran at a low price. If you want to have your eye surgery in Iran, feel free to visit our website and book our packages and have a free consultation about your treatment.

Eye Care in MedtourIran

MedtourIran is an active medical and tourism facilitator in Iran. We are working as a team to provide the best tourism and treatment for our clients. Eyecare in Iran is performed in the best clinics and hospitals equipped with the latest technique and devices. Every eye surgery such as eyebrow lift, eyebrow transplant, eyelid surgery, and Lasik eye surgery in Iran is performed in developed cities such as Tehran, Mashhad, and Shiraz. Besides, medical tourism in Iran is very reasonable because of Iran's currency. If you think of a treatment for eye surgery in Iran, feel free to contact MedtourIran to get a free consultation and affordable treatment. You can visit our website to get a free consultation for your treatment. Hope to hear from you very soon.

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