What is Orthopedics?
Orthopedics (also spelled Orthopaedics), is one of medicine’s subspecialties focusing on the musculoskeletal system (an organ system that enables the human to move). Orthopedic surgeons can use both non-surgical and surgical methods to treat different conditions. Common Orthopedic procedures include:
- Knee replacement surgery: Knee replacement (also called Knee arthroplasty) is an Orthopedic procedure aimed to treat a damaged knee and replacing the knee joint with an artificial one.
- Hip replacement surgery: Hip replacement (also called Hip arthroplasty) is a procedure that involves removing a painful hip joint with arthritis and replacing it with an artificial joint. This procedure is usually done when other treatments have failed.
- Ankle replacement surgery: Ankle replacement (also called Ankle arthroplasty) involves removing a damaged ankle joint and replacing it with an artificial one. This surgery enables you to move your ankle freely and without pain.
- Shoulder replacement surgery: Shoulder replacement surgery (also called total shoulder arthroplasty) aims to relieve pain and improve mobility by removing damaged areas of the shoulder and replacing them with artificial ones. This procedure is needed when you have severe arthritis or a fracture in the shoulder joint.
- Meniscus repair : Menisci is a C-shaped disc of soft tissue (called cartilage) that connects the thigh bone to the shinbone and helps keep the knee stable. Meniscus repair is an arthroscopic surgery done to repair torn knee cartilage. Athletes are prone to meniscus tears.
- Achilles tendon repair: The Achilles tendon is the largest tendon in the body which connects the heel bones to the calf muscles. Achilles tendon is a springy band of tissue at the back of your ankle and above the heel. Achilles tendon repair surgery fixes a damaged Achilles tendon.
- Herniated disc surgery: There are discs between the bones in the spine acting as shock absorbers. If the annulus within the spine is ruptured, a part of the disc nuclus will be pushed out of the annulus into the spinal canal. This condition is called a herniated disc. Lifting something wrong and suddenly twisting the spine can cause a herniated disc. This condition is not painful unless the disc pushes against a nerve. Herniated disc surgery is usually done when other treatments have failed.
- Laminectomy : Laminectomy surgery (also called Decompression surgery) is performed to create space by removing the lamina (back part of a vertebra which covers the spinal canal). Laminectomy relieves pressure on the spinal nerves. This surgery is usually done when other treatments are unsuccesfull or the symptoms are severe.
- Spinal fusion: Spinal fusion (also called Spondylodesis) is done to join two or more vertebrae (small bones in the spine). Spinal fusion is analogous to welding process.
- PCL reconstruction surgery : To replace a torn Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), the patient should undergo PCL reconstruction surgery. This surgery involves replacing the torn PCL with your own tissues or an allograft.
- Scoliosis surgery: The presence of an abnormal curve in the spine is called scoliosis. To fix this abnormal curve, Scoliosis surgery is recommended. If the curve is bigger than 45-50 degrees, Scoliosis surgery is needed.
Orthopedic surgery in Iran
Iran is among the top 10 countries in Orthopedics. Iranian surgeons perform high-quality surgeries at affordable prices. Iran is also a great country to travel to due to its rich culture and history, warm-hearted people, and exquisite cuisine. Many people from various countries travel to Iran yearly to get different surgeries. If you have decided to travel to Iran for your Orthopedics surgery, you can contact MedtourIran any time to get consultation and plan your trip.