Otorhinolaryngology is one of the surgical subspecialties of medicine, focusing on ear, nose, and throat conditions. Simply put, this field is commonly known as ENT (Ear, Nose, and Throat) and doctors who specialize in this field are called Otorhinolaryngologists or ENT doctors. Some of the subspecialties of ENT are:
This subspecialty includes surgeries such as:
Otology is one of the branches of medicine which focuses on the ears, their anatomy, conditions, and treatments. Neurotolgy or neuro-otology is one of the sub-specialties of ENT, which studies the neurological conditions of the ear and how to treat them. Otology deals with conditions such as:
Rhinologists are doctors who have specialized in nose and sinus problems. Rhinology involves treating nasal polyps, chronic sinusitis and many other conditions. Rhinology includes procedures such as:
Rhinologists can work closely with ophthalmologists (eye doctors) to perform ‘endoscopic orbital surgeries’. Endoscopic orbital surgeries are done to treat conditions like ‘persistent tearing’. Rhinologists can also team up with neurosurgeons to treat nasal and skull base conditions like ‘skull base tumors’ or ‘nasal and sinus tumors’.
Larynx is commonly known as ‘the voice box’ and Laryngology is focused on treating voice disorders, airway and swallowing problems, and laryngeal (throat) cancer. Laryngology is a very inclusive specialty. Laryngologists deal with conditions like:
The above-mentioned procedures are just few of the many procedures that laryngology includes.
Pediatrics is focused on taking care of infants, children, and adolescents. Sleep apnea and glue ear are two of the conditions that pediatricians deal with.
There are two oval-shaped tissue pads at the back of throat, called tonsils. Tonsillectomy is the surgical procedure to remove the tonsils in case they become infected or swollen.