پرسیار زور جار پرسیاوکان

What is Medtouriran?

Medtouriran is an online medical tourism facilitator platform to provide this opportunity for citizens of one country to travel to IRAN and obtain high quality and affordable health care services. At now, this platform is active in Tehran, Mashhad and Shiraz, the biggest cities in Iran. Medtouriran provides all services international patients need include visa, flight, transfer, accommodation, medical and cosmetic services, city sightseeing and follow up.

What is Medtouriran?

Medtouriran is an online medical tourism facilitator platform to provide this opportunity for citizens of one country to travel to IRAN and obtain high quality and affordable health care services. At now, this platform is active in Tehran, Mashhad and Shiraz, the biggest cities in Iran. Medtouriran provides all services international patients need include visa, flight, transfer, accommodation, medical and cosmetic services, city sightseeing and follow up.

What is Medtouriran?

Medtouriran is an online medical tourism facilitator platform to provide this opportunity for citizens of one country to travel to IRAN and obtain high quality and affordable health care services. At now, this platform is active in Tehran, Mashhad and Shiraz, the biggest cities in Iran. Medtouriran provides all services international patients need include visa, flight, transfer, accommodation, medical and cosmetic services, city sightseeing and follow up.

What is Medtouriran?

Medtouriran is an online medical tourism facilitator platform to provide this opportunity for citizens of one country to travel to IRAN and obtain high quality and affordable health care services. At now, this platform is active in Tehran, Mashhad and Shiraz, the biggest cities in Iran. Medtouriran provides all services international patients need include visa, flight, transfer, accommodation, medical and cosmetic services, city sightseeing and follow up.

What is Medtouriran?

Medtouriran is an online medical tourism facilitator platform to provide this opportunity for citizens of one country to travel to IRAN and obtain high quality and affordable health care services. At now, this platform is active in Tehran, Mashhad and Shiraz, the biggest cities in Iran. Medtouriran provides all services international patients need include visa, flight, transfer, accommodation, medical and cosmetic services, city sightseeing and follow up.

What is Medtouriran?

Medtouriran is an online medical tourism facilitator platform to provide this opportunity for citizens of one country to travel to IRAN and obtain high quality and affordable health care services. At now, this platform is active in Tehran, Mashhad and Shiraz, the biggest cities in Iran. Medtouriran provides all services international patients need include visa, flight, transfer, accommodation, medical and cosmetic services, city sightseeing and follow up.

What is Medtouriran?

Medtouriran is an online medical tourism facilitator platform to provide this opportunity for citizens of one country to travel to IRAN and obtain high quality and affordable health care services. At now, this platform is active in Tehran, Mashhad and Shiraz, the biggest cities in Iran. Medtouriran provides all services international patients need include visa, flight, transfer, accommodation, medical and cosmetic services, city sightseeing and follow up.

Does hair transplantation cause cancer?

No, hair transplantation does not cause skin cancer or other types of cancer. When we look for causes of cancer, we see other factors such as smoking, heredity, malnutrition, or chemical substances that cause cancer, not hair transplantation. 

Does hair transplantation have side effects?

The side effects of hair transplantation depend on the individuals and their overall health state and these problems depend on some factors such as the physician's experience and skill, the number of follicles implanted, and other related factors. In this regard, I refer to some of the side effects of hair transplant process: pain - facial swelling for some days - minor bleeding - tenderness of the hair due to the temporary anesthesia in the scalp - temporary itching and this problem occurs only in few people - anomaly hiccup for some days - infection and this problem rarely comes up - cysts in areas where hair has been transplanted. 

Does hair grow after hair transplantation? Does hair transplantation work?

The growth of hair after hair transplant has chronological stages: the dormant stage, which lasts for four months. The stage of the onset of hair begins at the beginning of the fourth month of the operation time and lasts for four months, i.e. prolonged for 4-8 months. And finally, the stage of hair growth begins from the beginning of the eighth month of the operation to the twelfth month. 

How much does hair transplant cost? How much does hair transplantation cost in Iran?

The cost of hair transplantation in the world ranges between 700-5000 dollars, but it is not possible to determine the cost of hair transplantation in different cities and countries. The determination of hair transplantation cost depends on some factors such as the existing technology, the doctor’s experience, the devices used and its quality, the number of follicles that are separated and transplanted, and the place of hair transplant. Prices and costs of hair transplants in Iran range between $ 500 - $ 1500. 

Does hair loss recur after hair transplantation?

During the first three weeks after hair transplantation procedure, the transplanted hair starts to fall. The person may feel that his or her hair does not grow temporarily and this is because of the fact that the planted follicles become dormant and this is typically normal. In this case, the hair roots are intact and the hair starts to grow at the right time and during the rest period the person should not worry because hair loss is normal.

Is hair transplantation performed for women?

Yes. Although hair transplantation procedure for men is a very common procedure, this process is rare in women.  Of course, this is not to say that women don’t have hair loss. There are some factors related to women that lead to hair loss: thyroid disorders, polycystic ovary syndrome, ringworm, pregnancy and childbirth, pills.

How long does hair transplant take?

These days the process of hair transplant carried out in one day and this process may only take some hours. However, before the procedure, hair transplant process requires multiple sessions and because of this factor, the process cannot be performed in one day. Another factor may be the widening of the bald area. 

What are the advantages and the features of hair transplantation in MedtourIran?

MedtourIran Company has specialized doctors and the best medical and cosmetic clinics. MedtourIran provides all the services required for any cosmetic operation and performs hair transplantation in Tehran, Mashhad, and Shiraz. Among the most valuable advantages of this company are its reasonable prices and high quality in comparison to other Iranian centers — costs of hair transplantation in MedtourIran start from $ 500.

What is cosmetic dentistry?

The process of cosmetic dentistry is related to the improvement of dental problems from medical and aesthetic views and includes various types of dental cosmetic operations. It is also related to oral and maxillofacial surgery.

Is cosmetic dentistry surgery performed with a laser?

Yes, with the recent advancements of technologies, lasers usage has entered in all medical and cosmetic fields. The cosmetic dentistry surgery applies lasers in most of its surgeries, including laser orthodontics, laser teeth whitening, etc. 

What are the types of cosmetic dentistry?

Teeth whitening - Orthodontics - Anterior orthodontics - Dental cleaning - Dental implants - Dental filling - Dental prosthesis - Oral and maxillofacial surgery - Laser dentistry - Hollywood smile. 

What is teeth whitening? What are teeth whitening types?

Teeth whitening is associated with lightening teeth, removing stains on teeth and whitening teeth. The process of teeth whitening is divided into two types in general, namely, the process of whitening teeth naturally at home, and the process of whitening teeth in a medical surgery in the clinics of doctors. Each of these methods has different types and the final goal of these methods is to improve facial appearance. 

Is teeth whitening harmful to pregnant women?

Teeth whitening is considered a cosmetic gambit in women and girls who want to whiten their teeth. However, during pregnancy, it is necessary for women to consult with the doctor before performing the teeth whitening process. Recent studies in cosmetics fields prove that everything that affects the fetus is dangerous and the materials found in chemical substances used for teeth whitening cause anxiety in women and might be harmful to the baby. 

How is orthodontics performed? What are the types of orthodontics?

Moving the teeth to put them in the right place is called orthodontics, and this process is carried out by putting pressure on all teeth. The process of orthodontics affects the work of the teeth, improves their problems and improves their appearance and also useful to the health of the entire oral organs. The types of orthodontics are mobile, fixed, preventive and aesthetic orthodontics. 

Is Orthodontics painful?

The use of the orthodontic device causes pain in the mouth and most people suffer from this pain when they have orthopedics for the first time. The cause of this pain is the pressure inserted on the teeth and the gums or the sudden change the teeth confront. Don’t worry, this pain can be relieved by taking painkillers and this pain is particularly found in the fixed type of orthodontics more than the other types.

Does orthodontics enlarge lips and mouth?

 No. The process of orthodontics does not lead to the enlargement of the lips and mouth, but rather modifies the shape of the teeth, improves their condition and functioning, and positively affects the beauty and appearance of a person. 

Is it possible to beautify teeth without orthodontics?

 We can say that all the procedures and operations that involve cosmetic dentistry are called aesthetic dentistry and orthodontics is one of them.   

What are the ways to beautify teeth without orthodontics?

Dental lenses, contact lenses, luminaire, dental dressings or crowns and veneers, teeth whitening and dental implants. 

What are the causes of yellow teeth?

Yellow teeth are caused by the following: Smoking, eating certain foods and drinks, aging, side effects of some medications, lack of or poor dental hygiene, genetics factors, chronic mouth dryness, and some mouthwashes. 

How is the tooth implantation process performed?

In the process of implantation of the tooth, the root of the tooth is replaced by metal support, and the lost and broken teeth replace the artificial teeth. The artificial teeth look like a person's teeth in both shape and size.

What is Hollywood smile and does Hollywood smile harm?

Hollywood smile is associated with the beauty and appearance of the teeth. Glossy, white, and symmetrical teeth are all associated with Hollywood smile and it is like the smile of Hollywood actors. However, there are negative consequences in Hollywood smile such as gingivitis, cavities, and damages to the digestive and respiratory systems.

Is it safe to perform dental filling during pregnancy?

Yes. Filling the teeth is safe during pregnancy, but sometimes it accompanies some side effects. So, it is necessary for pregnant women to see a doctor when she suffers from severe pain. The doctor checks the infection so as not to affect the fetus and its health. But if you do not feel pain, a delay is the best option.

Is jaw surgery dangerous?

There are some harms and risks in performing jaw surgery, which includes bleeding, risks of anesthesia, scars, infection, swelling of the area under the jaw and damage to the teeth.

Are all cosmetics dentistry performed in Iran?

Yes. In recent years, we see that Iran has made huge progress in cosmetic dentistry. There are equipped and advanced centers in Iran and almost all cosmetic dental procedures are carried out by specialized doctors with the best equipment and materials.

What is the role of MedtourIran in cosmetic dentistry?

MedtourIran Company has the best doctors and medical centers in Iran and it performs every operation in the field of cosmetic dentistry and these operations are performed in different developed cities. Among the advantages of MedtourIran is the existence of its centers in the famous cities: Tehran, Mashhad, and Shiraz. This company provides all the types of services that the patient needs, such as a hotel, ticket reservation, etc.

How much does dental surgery cost in MedtourIran?

The prices cannot be definitely determined and the costs change according to the defects of the person, but some prices can be determined in MedtourIran:

The cost of a Hollywood smile in Tehran - Iran is $ 80

The cost of a Hollywood smile in Mashhad-Iran is $ 100

The cost of a dental implant in Tehran-Iran is $ 400

The cost of dental implants in Mashhad-Iran is $ 360


What is the heart?

The heart pumps and distributes blood through regular contractions. Blood vessels are the body's circulating blood system that distributes the blood into the human body. This is why the heart is one of the main organs in the body.

ما هي عملية القلب المفتوح؟

عندما يعاني الشخص من مرض الشريان التاجي فهو يحتاج بعملية القلب المفتوح و هذه العملية تؤدي إلى تحسين تدفق الدم. إن الجراح يقوم بإحداث فتحة أو شق في الصدر للوصول إلى عضلات القلب أو شرايينه أو صماماته حتى يبدأ الجراحة وجدير بالذكر إن تطوير التقنيات توفر إجراء عملية القلب المفتوح عن طريق إحداث شق صغير وإستخدام الأجهزة الحديثة.

Can I have open-heart surgery during pregnancy?

Yes. After open heart operation is performed, the woman is allowed to become pregnant. However, she must follow the orders of the cardiologist, doctor of the heart, and this is because women take some medications after open heart surgery and these medications affect pregnancy and the child. Sometimes the doctor changes the medications during pregnancy. Generally speaking, we must say that the artificial heart or metal valves heart can cause high risks during the pregnancy for both the mother and the baby.

Is open heart surgery performed for children?

Yes, open heart surgery can be performed for children if the specialist cardiologist deems so. However, after performing the open heart operation, it is necessary to examine wounds and chest incision and other small wounds of the tubes and besides, it is necessary to have a regular checkup for examination and testing.

Does smoking influence open heart surgery?

Well, smoking has a bad reputation when it comes to the heart. Smoking after an open heart procedure leads to a high incidence of heart attacks and a stroke, and what’s more, it speeds up premature death.

Do marriage and marital relations influence open heart surgery?

The marital relation, having sex, needs energy and physical strength, and the patient who underwent an open heart operation must not let the pressure on his chest and arm, and he must take having sex back after 6-8 weeks when the recovery period finishes. It should be noted that some of the medications used for this relation include some side effects and the person should consult with his doctor about whether to take or not to take these medications.

Does open heart surgery need a blood transfusion?

Sometimes sudden bleeding occurs after an open heart operation, and a blood transfusion is needed to prevent any possible damages to the patient’s health state.

Are there different methods for open heart surgery?

Yes, open heart surgery is performed both traditionally and non-traditionally. The non-conventional method includes two types: extracorporeal or off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (beating heart surgery) and minimally invasive surgery. 

What are the different types of open heart surgery?

The types of open heart surgery are 1- Heart transplantation 2- Artificial heart transplantation 3- Auxiliary device transplantation 4- Treatment of Auricular Fibrillation 4- Replacement or improvement of heart valves 5- Coronary artery operation.

Is an open heart surgery operation dangerous?

Needless to say, there are risks and dangers in any surgery and the open heart process carries some of the risks due to the important role that the heart performs in the body. Hopefully, these days the risk percentage is very low and this is due to the specialized doctors, their expertise, advanced devices, and modern technologies.

What are the side effects of open heart surgery?

First of all, there is a direct relation between the patient's overall health state and the kind of side effect and this indicates how the patient is going to deal with the problem. However, there are common side effects that might accompany open heart surgery such as: feeling pain, difficulty breathing, bleeding, deficiency in the heartbeat, side effects of anesthesia, heart attack, and some problems in the liver, kidneys, lung, and finally death.

Can the patient work and take activities after open heart surgery?

Before the patient’s discharge from the hospital, the doctor gives him instructions on how to take activities, breathe, and how to bathe in the recovery period. He should implement these instructions in everything including his habits of drinking and eating and his routine activates.

Can open heart surgery be performed a second time and more than once?

Yes, open heart surgery can be performed according to the patient's health condition and age. When a person has a healthy body, this process can be done.

How is open heart surgery performed in Iran and how much does open heart surgery cost in Iran?

Statistics show that Iran is one of the most famous countries in the middle-east which performs open heart surgery and most importantly, this surgery is successfully reported. Open heart surgery in Iran is conducted in advanced centers equipped with modern technologies and by specialized doctors, so if you want to have open heart surgery and chose Iran for your treatment you’re very lucky. Besides that, the costs and the prices for performing any type of heart surgery are affordable and you can get the best health and tourism services at a reasonable cost. 

Does open heart surgery cause death?

The success rate of the types of open heart surgery ranges between 90-97%, and the person’s death is related to the person’s overall health condition and other diseases that affect him when performing open heart operation. In this case, the doctor’s experience plays an important role. 

What’s Medtouriran role in performing open heart surgery?

Medtouriran offers the best medical services to perform open heart surgery. This procedure is carried out in advanced and well-equipped hospitals. Besides, the cost of open heart in Medtouriran is affordable; compared to other medical institutions in Iran. 

How is Cataract surgery performed?

Cataract surgery is a procedure in which the faulty lens inside the eye is removed and replaced with an artificial one. Hopefully, cataract surgery is one of the most successfully performed eye surgeries. Before the surgery, the doctor usually prescribes anesthetic eye drops to numb the patient's eye. During the process, the person is awake but cannot see what the surgeon is doing. Tiny incisions are made by the surgeon so as to reach the lens, after that the faulty lens is removed and replaced with a new one. The surgeon doesn't use stitches and let the wound heal on its own; however, a protective shell is applied over the eye. The whole process usually takes no more than 15 minutes. 

When should you have cataract surgery?


Simply put, if you're diagnosed with Cataract and it doesn't cause blurred vision or prevent you from engaging in daily activities, it is not the right time to undergo surgery. However, if you have blurred vision and difficulty in reading or driving or doing hobbies like card games or knitting, you should consider cataract surgery. 


3- What are cataract surgery complications?

If you're considering cataract surgery, don't be afraid because most cataract surgeries are successfully performed. However, cataract surgery complications are still in. This is why you should be aware of what might go wrong. Some of the complications are; Eye inflammation, light sensitivity, swelling of the central retina, droopy eyelid, elevated eye pressure, infection, and retinal detachment. 

What causes Cataract?

The most common cause of Cataract is age and Cataract appears nearly around 40. Like a camera, the Cataract focuses light on the retina for clear vision. The lens is made of water and protein and as we age some of the protein build up and begin to cloud a small area of lens, this makes the cataract forms. As time passes on, the Cataract may grow larger and make it harder to see. Some research is done that identified relevant factors that may cause Cataract, which are; Diabetes, obesity, smoking, previous eye surgery, high myopia, significant alcohol consumption, and family history. 

What is the treatment for Cataract?

Surgery is considered the best treatment for Cataract; however, you can rely on alternative treatment early on. This might include home treatment like wearing anti-glare glasses or using magnifying lenses. If your eye condition worsens and you are not able to see clearly, you need to have cataract surgery. 

What are the symptoms of Cataract?

Typically, you might not be aware that you have developed Cataract because the cloudiness in your vision may affect only a small part of the lens. You notice the symptoms when the Cataract grows larger and clouds a larger part of your lens. Some of these signs and symptoms are; blurred vision, sensitivity to light, double vision in a single eye, nearsightedness, difficulty in driving at night, and changes in the way you see colors. 

How can we prevent Cataract?

Almost no study proves an absolute medical solution to prevent Cataract. However, doctors advise several strategies and lifestyle changes that might lower the chance of developing Cataract. There are seven steps you can follow that might help you prevent Cataract; Eat right, shade your eyes from the sun by wearing sunglasses, check your eyes regularly, quit smoking, reduce alcohol use, keep blood sugar in check, hydrate appropriately. 

Does Cataract develop in babies and children?

Yes, it does. Sometimes the lens doesn't form properly during pregnancy and your baby born with a cataract. It is commonly called congenital cataracts and may be caused by heredity, which means that the father or the mother may have Cataract.  

What are the types of cataract surgery?

There are two kinds of cataract surgery; phacoemulsification surgery and extracapsular surgery.  Phacoemulsification or small incision cataract surgery is the most commonly performed in most countries.  During the process, the surgeon makes an incision inside the cornea and then inserts a tiny probe into the eye. The probe breaks up the lens in little pieces making it easy to remove. 

In extracapsular surgery, a larger incision is made in the cornea to allow the lens core to be removed in one piece. During this procedure, the surgeon opens the lens capsule to remove the central portion of the lens then leaves the capsule in place. This surgery is done if the phacoemulsification fails to break up the clouded lens. 


What are cataracts?

Cataracts are the clouding or whitening of the naturally clear lens of your eye. Most cataracts don't disturb your eye vision when you're young because they grow slowly. But gradually they will interfere with your eyesight as you age. The best treatment at that time is surgery. 

How are cataracts diagnosed?

To determine whether you have cataracts or not, your ophthalmologist will conduct several tests to examine your eye for any possible development of cataracts. Some of the tests include; visual acuity tests to measure how well you are able to read a series of letters. Split-lamp examination to see the structures at the front of your eye via using a microscope. Retinal exam to examine the back of your retina to check your lens for any signs of a cataract. 

Who gets Cataract?

A cataract is related to aging, so as you age, you're likely to develop Cataract. However, Cataract can develop in babies and children as well. Sometimes the baby is born with Cataract because his parents or one of them has cataracts. There are other factors that cause Cataracts such as surgery for the eyes, health problems, diabetes, and eye injury. 

Can eye drops prevent or cure cataracts?

Considering eye drops, an alternative treatment for Cataract is not new. Researchers have been looking into it, but it hasn't proven yet. It may be possible one day that eye drop could be used to reduce cataract development. 

What happens if Cataract left untreated?

It is almost impossible to predict how fast a cataract worsens. If you notice any symptoms and signs related to growing Cataract, don't hesitate to take action. As Cataract continues to spread, it causes vision reduction and even make you blind. 

Will I need glasses after cataract surgery?

Yes, you need to continue wearing glasses depending on the type of lens implanted in your eye. The overall health of your eye necessitates wearing eyeglasses after cataract surgery. 

Does cataract surgery hurt?

During the procedure, a few people felt discomfort. It is reported that only 10% of patients felt pain in the process, while others reported a painless procedure. Your doctor uses anesthetic eye drops to reduce pain. The entire process is about 15 minutes and then you will be discharged.  

Can I have LASIK after cataract surgery?

Yes, you can. Some people believe that once a person performs cataract surgery, he cannot undergo LASIK; however, this isn't true. LASIK improves eye disorders such as myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism by reshaping the cornea while Cataract deals with the clouding of the eye's natural lens located behind the iris. Since each surgery treats a different part of the eye, so it is possible to have LASIK after cataract surgery. 

How much does cataract surgery cost in Iran?

Typically, the cost of cataract surgery starts from $500 and this largely depends on several

factors, including the type of cataract surgery, hospital facilities, and the like. MedtourIran 

is offering excellent eye care services at affordable costs and in well-equipped hospitals.


What is the average cataract surgery cost in the world?

One distinct feature that distinguishes Iran from other countries is the affordable prices of cataract surgery. The cost of cataract surgery in some countries of the world is as follows; the US, $6.800, UK, 5.3800, Thailand, $2.200, Turkey, $2.000, India, 1.900. However, the same procedure in Iran costs approximately $850.  

How much is the cost of cataract surgery in MedtourIran?

MedtourIran is one of the leading companies that provide medical tourism for all patients from all around the world. The cost of the surgery includes all the features and services that the MedtourIran provides for its customers. 

What is glaucoma?

Glaucoma is a condition in which the optic nerve is damaged, causing vision loss. The increased pressure in your eye damages the optic nerve and if the damage worsens, glaucoma can cause vision loss. It often gets worse over time, so you don't get it until a later time. 

What causes glaucoma?

The damage to the optic nerve inside the eye causes glaucoma. Usually, this nerve damage is related to increased pressure in the eye and this pressure is caused by a buildup of a fluid flowing inside the eye. If the fluid is overproduced or the drainage system doesn't work properly, the fluid cannot flow out at its normal rate and as a result, eye pressure increases. 

Who gets glaucoma?

Glaucoma will develop if the pressure inside a person's eye is too high for a particular optic nerve. However, if you have one of the below conditions you may have the disease; age over 40, family history of glaucoma, diabetes, injury to your eye, nearsighted or farsighted. 

Is glaucoma painful?

Typically, glaucoma is not painful, but if the disease gets severe, it may cause significant discomfort. However, if it's not treated, it might be harmful to the optic nerve, which results in vision loss. 

How is glaucoma diagnosed?

Checking your eye for any possible development of eye disease is of great importance. Glaucoma causes blindness if not treated and its blindness is irreversible. Glaucoma is diagnosed through a test and your doctor usually performs five tests that include; tonometry, Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT), Ophthalmoscopy, perimetry.  

Can glaucoma be prevented?

By and large, regular check-up of your eye is the best way to prevent glaucoma.  But if you're at risk of developing glaucoma, you should keep on a healthy lifestyle and take care of your emotional and mental health. Ways to prevent glaucoma are; quit smoking, avoid exposure to sunlight, exercise daily, keep your blood pressure at a normal level, eat healthy food that helps protect your eyes such as vegetables, food containing vitamin E, A, C, D, and food with zinc.  

What are the symptoms of glaucoma?

Typically, glaucoma has no warning signs in that it grows gradually, and you may not notice any changes in your vision until it develops to an advanced stage. Glaucoma has two types, Open-angle glaucoma and angle-closure glaucoma; each type has different symptoms. Open-angle glaucoma is the most common type, and almost it has no early warning signs. It develops slowly over time in that people with this disease don't notice changes in their vision. Angle-closure glaucoma's symptoms are visible and the damage it incurs is noticeable. If you're experiencing the below- mentioned symptoms, a check-up for your eye; blurred vision, rainbow-color circles around bright lights, chronic eye pain, nausea or vomiting, sudden vision loss. 

What are the types of glaucoma?

There are two main types of glaucoma; Open-angle glaucoma and Angle-closure glaucoma. Subcategory of these two main types is; Normal-tension Glaucoma and secondary glaucoma. 

How is glaucoma treated?

You can treat glaucoma if it's on the early stage because the damage of glaucoma cannot be reversed. The treatment will depend on the type of glaucoma and your situation and may include eye drops, oral medication, laser, or surgery. Some of the eyes drop treatment include; prostaglandins, beta-blockers, alpha-adrenergic agonists, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, etc. The surgeries are; filtering surgery, minimally invasive glaucoma surgery(MIGS). 

What is the first sign of glaucoma?

Glaucoma has no prior signs or symptoms, and people with glaucoma do not notice any symptoms until they experience vision problems. So the first sign of glaucoma is vision loss. 

When do we need surgery to treat glaucoma?

One of the treatments of glaucoma is surgery, but it's not the first option. Surgery for glaucoma is recommended if other treatments don't work. 

What are the common surgeries for glaucoma?

Your surgery depends on the type of glaucoma you are diagnosed with. The most common glaucoma surgeries are; Argon laser trabeculoplasty(ALT), Selective laser trabeculoplasty(SLT), Laser peripheral iridotomy(LPI), Cyclophotocoagulation. 

How long does it take to recover from glaucoma surgery?

Recovery time of glaucoma varies depending on the type of surgery. Typically, the patients heal within 3 to 6 weeks. During the recovery time, the patients should avoid strenuous activities such as heavy lifting or exercise. 

What are the risk and side effects of glaucoma surgery?

Although most of the glaucoma surgeries are successful, still there're risks and side effects that might follow the operation. These include; bleeding, infection, scarring, cataract formation, inflammation.  

Do eye drops prevent glaucoma?

Yes. Eye drops can reduce elevated pressure in the eye and, as a result, can delay or prevent the high risk of developing glaucoma. 

Is glaucoma treated in Iran?

Yes. Iran enjoys sophisticated doctors in most of its cities, especially in Tehran, the capital city, Shiraz and Mashhad. If you intend to treat your eye in Iran, feel free to contact us through our website at MedtourIran to help you get a treatment. 

Is glaucoma surgery performed in MedtourIran?

Yes. MedtourIran is a leading company in medical tourism. We're a committed team working together to provide the best and the most comfortable services for our guests. Our company performs almost all types of eye surgery by experienced doctors and in its medical centers in most of the cities such as Tehran, the capital city, Shiraz, and Mashhad. 

How much does glaucoma surgery cost?

Glaucoma surgery cost depends on the type of surgery and on the country in which the surgery is performed. Some glaucoma surgery costs in the world are; USA $4,900, UK $5,100, Canada $4,300, UAE $1,500, Turkey $2,500, Spain $2,800, Iran $1,350.

How much does glaucoma surgery cost in MedtourIran?

MedtourIran is a leading company that provides treatments for international patients. It has medical centers in Tehran, the capital city, Shiraz and Mashhad. MedtourIran provides you with the best services, including transfer, residence, tour guide and interpreter for the language barrier, etc. All these services are provided at an affordable cost. Likewise, the cost of glaucoma surgery is affordable, and it's only $1,350.

Why Iran for glaucoma surgery?

By a simple search on the net, you'll find that Iran is one of the leading countries in Medical-Tourism. The affordable cost of eye surgery makes Iran a destination for most people around the world. The cost of glaucoma in the neighborhood countries like Turkey and UAE is $2,500 and UAE $1,600, respectively. However, glaucoma surgery cost in Iran starts from $1000. 

What’s color blindness?

Color blindness occurs when one or more cells that are directly responsible for the perception of colors die. In color blindness, the affected person sees one color. People with color blindness are not able to detect colors and unable to see them as they are. 

Does color blindness have risks and damages?

Color blindness can have many risks and damages including, difficulty in reading and writing, difficulty learning something, loss of confidence and disappointment in children, a hindrance to daily activities, particularly when it comes to coloring. 

What are color blindness symptoms?

The following are the symptoms of color blindness: The inability to distinguish between colors or mixture of colors, seeing colors differently from the normal individuals, inability to see the white, black and grey (in rare cases), seeing shadows when focusing on one color. 

Why are men more likely to get color blindness than women? Why are men exposed to color blindness?

It is believed that a defect in chromosome x could be a cause of color blindness. Men have one chromosome x and one y but women have two chromosome x and one y so, when men lose the only chromosome x they have, they get color blindness. But for women, it is not so because they have two chromosomes x and if they lose one, nothing happens only if they lose both of their chromosomes. So, we can say that men are more likely to get color blindness. 

What causes color blindness?

The cause of color blindness is the malfunction of cone cells in the retina. And this might be due to the following factors:  heredity (sometimes colorblindness is congenital), age (age has a direct impact on detecting the colors), eye disease (color blindness may be caused by eye diseases such as cataract or glaucoma). 

How can color blindness be diagnosed?

Some experiments determine the quality of distinguishing between colors.  The patient looks at a set of points with different spectra and tries to discover a specific shape within it. This experiment helps the doctor determine the colors that are difficult for the patient. In another examination, the patient is asked to arrange colored game pieces with groups of colors and spectra. People with color blindness are unable to categorize and organize the pieces properly.

What’s the treatment for color blindness?

Treating congenital colorblindness is difficult. However, when an eye disease causes color blindness, the doctors treat this eye disease then, treat color blindness. Sometimes medications cause color blindness and in this case, you must quit these medications and your eye disorder (color blindness) improves. 

How can color blindness be diagnosed in children?

Here is a piece of advice. Play with your child a play in which there are different colors and try to teach your child these colors. If the child fails to distinguish the colors continuously, consult the doctor.  

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الإستعانة بالعائلة، الإنتباه للإضاءة،  إستخدام وسائل التكنولوجيا،  إستخدام العدسات والنظارات المتخصصة. 


Is color blindness treated in Iran?

Yes. Iran is regarded as, for most people, one of the most famous countries in treating eye diseases and solidified by Iranian doctors and their experience in eye care and its treatment. 

What’s coronavirus?

Coronavirus is an infectious virus related to mammalian. Coronavirus was discovered in 1960 and had various types, all of which are dangerous. 

Why is the new 2019 virus called coronavirus?

Have you ever thought of the coronavirus name? The form of coronavirus is similar to a crown and coronavirus name is because of its shape. 

What is the new coronavirus or 2019-nCoV?

The 2019 Novel Coronavirus, 2019-nCoV or Wuhan coronavirus first appeared at the end of 2019 in Wuhan, China. The outbreak spread speed is very high and it is somewhat similar to cold and is related to the respiratory system and causes a malfunction in the respiratory system. 

What are the symptoms of Wuhan coronavirus?

The first coronavirus signs aren’t the same and depend on the individuals, but the common symptoms are; coughing, sore throat, running nose, headache, high temperature, shortness of breath, fatigue, diarrhea, vomiting, and pneumonia. 

How does coronavirus spread?

Coronavirus spreads through direct contact with the infected person with this virus. This contact might take several forms, such as touching the mouth, nose, and eye or breathing a sick person’s cough spray that was spread out in the air. 

Does the new coronavirus cause death?

Yes. The new coronavirus can kill the infected person. When someone is infected by coronavirus, he ignores seeing a doctor and thinks that it is a flu or a cold. During this time, the virus infects the respiratory system and this causes severe berating problems such as chronic pneumonia, kidney failure and breathing problems, which may result in death. 

Can the coronavirus be transmitted through clothes?

Touching clothes infected by coronavirus can transmit the virus. However, the clothes that as imported from China or other countries because it takes days to be available to the people, it’s not much of danger. It is advised to take care of your personal health to prevent the infection of coronavirus. 

Is there a treatment for coronavirus?

No. Till now, there’s no absolute treatment for coronavirus. A piece of good news is that the recovered people from coronavirus in China, according to the official reports, are highly increasing. 

How can we prevent coronavirus?

The coronavirus infection can be prevented via following the health advice, such as; washing your hands regularly, especially before eating, do not touch your eyes, nose, and mouth and if you touch, make sure to wash your hands, do not touch the infected people, and using mask in public and crowded places. 

Do children get infected with coronavirus?

Rumor has it that the coronavirus doesn’t infect children, as it affects the adults. However, the symptoms and risks of coronavirus don’t appear or very rare in children. Accordingly, it can be said that the new coronavirus can be transmitted to children but cannot disturbs their overall health state. 

Is coronavirus dangerous to pregnant women? Does it have an impact on the babies?

Pregnant women are at great risk, not only when it comes to coronavirus but almost any disease and infection can be considered harmful to pregnant women. According to the vice president of the obstetrics center in China, “It is not yet possible to confirm that whether pregnant women infected with the new coronavirus are at risk of transmitting the virus to the babies.” 

Which countries have confirmed cases of the new Wuhan coronavirus?

Coronavirus outbreak first appeared in Wuhan, China and then spreads increasingly to the following countries; Australia, Cambodia, South Korea, India, Malaysia, Japan, Nepal, the Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, the United States, Canada, France, Finland, Germany, Britain, Italy, Russia, the United Arab Emirates, and Iran. The outbreak is ongoing and may reach other countries as well. 

How long is the recovery period after eyelid surgery?

Most people can go back to their regular life and work after five to seven days. Bruising and swelling are normal for some patients after the procedure. But most of the swelling and bruising will go away after ten to fourteen days.

Are you put to sleep for eyelid surgery?

 There are three types of anesthesia used in blepharoplasty. If you are having multiple procedures done at the same time, or cannot tolerate being awake and conscious for your blepharoplasty, twilight anesthesia and general anesthesia can also be an option for you.  

Who is a suitable candidate for blepharoplasty?

Blepharoplasty is suitable for both men and women and normally, for people over the age of forty who first start to notice the fat or skin excess around their eyes (eye bags). However, there are some patients around their 20s who have a genetic predisposition for excessive fat or skin around the eyes who are a suitable candidate for blepharoplasty.

Is eyelid surgery painful?

The good news is that many of the patients experience no pain after blepharoplasty, and they do not take any pain medications besides a pain killer immediately after the procedure. A cold compress can be a great help with the swelling and bruising in the first few days, and it can also stop the pain if you are feeling any.

What should I discuss with my doctor before the operation?

At your first session of consultation with your doctor, it is very important to explain your concerns. Then you should review your medical history with your doctor. Any kind of previous eye surgeries, allergies, particular medications that you are taking, is critical for your doctor. One important thing that you should mention to your doctor, is if you have a history of dry eyes. Based on that information, your surgeon will determine the type of surgery that is best for you.

Can droopy brows be fixed with blepharoplasty?

Most of the patients that see a plastic surgeon for their eyelid problems, have one of the three following issues:

1-    Extra skin on the upper eyelid, or lower eyelid bags, the treatment for which is blepharoplasty

2-    Droopy eyelids, which is treated with ptosis surgery

3-    Droopy brows, the needed procedure for which, is a brow lift

Therefore, droopy eyebrows and eyelids cannot be fixed with blepharoplasty.


How long does eyelid surgery take?

The operation takes one to two hours, depending on the patient’s anatomy, situation, and what they desire.

Is eyelid surgery dangerous?

Blepharoplasty is a safe surgery. However, as with all types of facial plastic surgery, there are some risks to consider before blepharoplasty. There is a chance of bleeding, infection and bruising. However, if you are at experienced hands, the odds of these risks are very low.

متى يمكنني العودة الي أنشطتي اليومية بعد عملية جراحة الجفن؟

Many patients ask whether their face will be mismatched after eyelid surgery and whether or not they will need an entire face lift after blepharoplasty. There is no need to be concerned with this issue. In addressing just one area of the face, particularly the eyes, your doctor will consider that for different people, the aging process occurs differently. So the focus should not just be on the eyes, but it should be on the face as a whole. There is no one size fits all for patients. So your doctor will tailor the interventions based on what you desire and what your doctor thinks you can achieve with the treatment plan that you developed together.

Will people be able to tell I have had cosmetic facial surgery after the recovery?

With all the facial rejuvenation procedures, the goal is to achieve natural looking results. An improved, fresher version of yourself is the desired result. In other words, if someone notices that you have had a surgery, or if the marks of the incision and the stitches can be observed after the recovery, it has not been a good plastic surgery.

Can I sleep on my side after eyelid surgery?

It is better not to sleep on your side for the first few days after the surgery. And try to keep your head elevated in order to reduce the swelling. However, if you find yourself sleeping on your side after you wake up, it is very unlikely that it will cause you a serious negative side effect.

How long after the eyelid surgery can I go back to my normal activities?

During the first week after your blepharoplasty, you cannot exercise. It is most convenient to go back to exercising after 2 to 3 weeks. Heavy lifting, bending over, or any type of activity that would increase your heart rate significantly, can put the health of your eyes in risk.

What is the difference between lazy aye and Strabismus?

Lots of people think that anyone with misalignment of the eye has a lazy eye, but these two conditions are not the same. Lazy eye (Amblyopia) differs from Strabismus. We explained about Strabismus earlier, which was described as the misalignment of eyes; on the other hand, Amblyopia is a neurological complication. However, Amblyopia can occur as a result of long term unilateral strabismus.

Does Strabismus lead to blindness?

People who suffer from even as little as one millimeter of misalignment can have different angels between expressed images to the brain. As a result, the brain ignores one of the images with lower quality. This ignored eye will get weaker by time passing, and if continued, it can cause blindness too. This also happens if your eye correction prescription was not very accurate, or if you had cataract.

Does Strabismus get worst if not corrected?

Yes, if you left Strabismus untreated, it can cause lazy eye (Amblyopia) and permanent blindness and permanent visionless. Strabismus is treated according to the underlying reason, like correcting refractive errors if found, patching, or eye drops if the Strabismus was mild or uncomplicated. In other cases, we might need surgery.

When is the best time to perform strabismus surgery?

If the patient was an infant, we do perform the surgery at the age of 1-2 years, as the protocol describe, also some countries still apply the old protocol which prescribes the surgery for the age of 4-5 years old children. The main benefit of the early surgery is restored binocular vision if the operation was performed early enough.

How do doctors diagnose Strabismus?

A doctor can diagnose Strabismus by only looking at the child's eyes, if it was obvious enough, in which the eyes do not look at the same point at a time. In some other cases, the doctor may perform a test called cover-uncover test, a movement in the eye while uncovering it indicates Strabismus.

Is it necessary to have surgery for Strabismus?

Treatment of Strabismus has different options, but each depends on the type of the Strabismus (deviation angel, eyes' direction, etc.) the patient suffers from and some other factors like lazy eye or double vision. 

Does Strabismus worsen by age?

Most of the time, infants and children by age 3 develop Strabismus, although this doesn't mean that older children or adults never develop Strabismus. It is known between people that infantile Strabismus fades away when the child grows; it is not always true; some children can develop a more severe condition if left untreated.

Is Strabismus genetic

Yes, it is hereditary and it can go through the family. Although if one of the members was affected, it doesn't mean that the next affected member will carry the same type of Strabismus of even the same severity. However, if one of the parents was affected, they need to evaluate every child have periodically. 

How would I look like after Strabismus surgery?

You will probably suffer from red and somewhat a sore eye. But any redness or bleeding vessels in the eye fade between two to three weeks. You may feel like there is something like sand or dust in your eye, but all these sensations will subside. You will be able to resume your daily activities within a few days

How to assess Strabismus in children?

Several examinations help us detect Strabismus and also associated Amblyopia if found. Light reflex testing shows us the alignment of the eyes by asking your child to look directly at a point of light. The other test uses prisms to analyze the alignment of your child's eyes.

What are the causes of Strabismus?

Well, Strabismus can be caused by several issues. The first cause is an underlying problem with the muscle moving the eye, and the second cause can be described a problem in nerves that transfer signals from the brain to the muscle or the control-center of eye-movement in the brain. Strabismus can also occur as a result of some other health condition, or an injury.

Is it painful to have strabismus surgery?

Pain receptors vary widely between people and the same applies to strabismus surgery. Some people may feel pain more than others, while others might not experience any serious pain. The prominent experience of patients is a moderate pain that responds to painkillers and this pain period differs due to patients, beginning from hours and might last till days.

How much is strabismus surgery successful?

Almost all surgeries' success rate is between 60% to 80%, and for Strabismus, it is 80%.

How long does the recovery of Strabismus surgery take?

Most of the time, you can continue your daily activities within a few days after the surgery. During your first few days after, your eye alignment can indicate the final result. However, more stable results may not be very obvious until 4 to 6 weeks after your surgery.

Is it possible that Strabismus come back after the surgery?

For some people, the eyes may drift apart again after years from the surgery. The reason is that the surgery does not correct the original defect in the brain caused the eyes to wander in the first place, so the problem may come back years later. But it doesn't always happen.

Does my vision improve if I have Strabismus surgery?

It happens when the surgeon recommends an extra surgery. It is crucial to note that strabismus surgery fixes the eye muscle, which affects the appearance and this does not necessarily mean that you will have vision improvement.

What's Keratoconus?

The changing of the natural shape of the cornea is called Keratoconus, which results in keratoplasty and other eye problems. 

What are the Keratoconus symptoms?

Symptoms of Keratoconus are; astigmatism, nearsightedness, double vision, weakness in the vision, vision loss in severe cases. 

What are the causes of Keratoconus?

Causes of Keratoconus are; heredity, weakness in collagen, using contact lens without consulting an eye doctor, frequent eye rubbing. 

Can we treat Keratoconus with medications?

The Keratoconus can't be treated with medication; however, the medications are helpful in fixating the cornea when wearing contact lens or glasses. Some of these medications steroidal eye drops, cyclosporine, topical antibiotics, and localized fixative cells. 

What are the types of treatments for Keratoconus?

Keratoconus has two types of treatment: surgical and non-surgical treatment. 

The non-surgical treatment is wearing glasses or contact lens to keep the cornea stable. The surgical treatments for the Keratoconus are the process of fixating the cornea and corneal transplant plus corneal truncation via laser. 


Can I have LASIK surgery when I have Keratoconus?

No, LASIK surgery requires a balanced cornea, but when you have Keratoconus, the shape of the cornea is distorted, and this can prevent the LASIK surgery. 

How much is the cost of Keratoconus?

The cost of Keratoconus surgery and treatment depends on the type of treatment and the country in which the treatment is done as well as the technique used in operation. So, we cannot definitely determine the cost of Keratoconus treatment. 

What's Iran's role in Keratoconus surgery?

Iran enjoys the experience and expertise in performing eye surgeries, including Keratoconus. The plethora of hospitals and clinics dedicated to eye disease, plus the famous doctors in ophthalmology, make Iran one of the top countries in the region in treating eye diseases.  

What's MedtourIran's role in Keratoconus surgery?

MedtourIran provides you the best services and the most advanced hospitals for your eye treatment. These clinics are located in Tehran, Shiraz, and Mashhad.  Some of these clinics and hospitals are Negah eye center in Tehran, Doctor Khodadoost hospital, and Basir clinic for eye treatment in Shiraz and you can perform your Keratoconus surgery. 

What's corneal cross-linking?

Corneal cross-linking operation is performed through cross or reverses linking. In reverse corneal linking, new bonds are created between collagen fibers inside the cornea.  

Is it possible to treat Keratoconus with herbs?

No, there's no available study to approve that Keratoconus could be treated with herbs. So, herbs have nothing to do with treating Keratoconus and the only treatment is surgery. 

Does Keratoconus cause blindness?

Yes. When a person suffers from Keratoconus chronically, it might lead to blindness. 

Does Keratoconus cause headaches?

When a person has Keratoconus, he has short-sightedness and low vision, so, he tries hard to see objects. As a result, his endeavor causes headaches. 

Is Keratoconus surgery dangerous?

As we mentioned earlier, Keratoconus surgery has some symptoms such as short-sightedness, double-vision, and difficulty seeing in lights. Accordingly, these symptoms cause severe problems while working, driving, or doing your daily activities. 

Is Keratoconus genetic?

Yes, heredity is regarded as one of the common causes of Keratoconus and this eye disease is transmitted through the gens. 

What are the warning signs we experience before retinal detachment?

Some signs always occur before the retina detaches or worsens. These signs are: Suddenly having many floaters while looking, specks that drift through your visual field, light flashes appearing in one or both eyes (photopsia), the peripheral vision fields reduce gradually, blurred vision.

What is the most common cause leading to retinal detachment between the other causes?

The most common among all other causes are both injuries and aging.

Is retinal detachment severe?

If left untreated, retinal detachment can cause blindness. Still, the severity of complications depends on the type and severity of the detachment when the retina is left or pulled from the position it is supposed to be. The patient might experience blurred vision or degrees of vision loss.

How is the progression of retinal detachment?

The progression grossly depends on the underlying reason which caused the retinal detachment in the first place. This rate can vary from a few days to weeks. Other facts affecting the time of progression are the number and the size of tears in the retina, and also the patient's age.

Can I get retinal detachment due to rubbing my eyes?

Yes, if you rub your eyes, hardly you may progress a retinal detachment, also rubbing can harm the front of your eyes.

Will I restore my vision after I have had a retinal detachment?

After the surgery, you may experience discomfort. If the surgery is sclera buckling, you will experience blurred vision. It will take a few weeks to three or six months to get back your earlier vision, depending on the patient's condition and the type of surgery.

What type of anesthesia do surgeons use for retinal detachment surgery?

It usually takes one to two hours to fix your retina, and surgeons usually prefer the surgery under local anesthesia where you are awake. However, you feel nothing in your eyes, even the minimum complications of anesthesia. 

Will I need cataract surgery after retinal detachment surgery?

You will usually have a recommendation to undergo cataract surgery, especially if the surgery type you had was applying intravitreal gas. Also, the trauma happening due to the surgery can cause injury to the lens, which induces cataract.

How much is the success rate of retinal detachment surgery?

If the surgery is a single vitrectomy or scleral buckle, the success rate will be around 85%. If any additional procedures are performed, the success rate gets over 95% of successfully reattached retinas. However, it sometimes takes several months to get the best vision accuracy.

How long is the recovery time of retinal detachment surgery?

This depends on the type of surgery you undergo. For laser surgery or cryopexy, you will be able to have your normal daily activities within a few days, but you need to be aware not to do any strenuous things until your eye is fully healed. On the other hand, for retinal reattachment surgery, you will probably be able to return to your normal life within two weeks.

What am I supposed to do after retinal detachment surgery?

You will have to wear sunglasses during the day, and you might need to use a patch for few days according to your physician's recommendation. If your surgery were an inserting gas bubble into your vitreous, you would need to keep your head still in the same position for most of the time during the first 1 to 3 weeks. Your physicians will give you an instruction after the surgery.

Does the retinal detachment heal by itself?

If the patient had a low-risk tear without experiencing any symptoms, he might not need surgery, and the physician would only observe the patient. That is because some tears make adhesions by themselves around the tear, so only observation would be enough.

Is the retinal detachment surgery painful?

Pain experience differs from one patient to another, but usually, you will have pain accompanied by blurred vision, swollen eye, redness, and some tenderness. But often, all these side effects disappear after a few weeks.

How successful is corneal transplantation?

The chances of rejection in a corneal transplant are not very high. In fact, corneal transplantations are the most successful of all tissue transplants. The risk of rejection, in a full thickness corneal transplantation is around 20 percent, DSEK corneal transplantations have around a 12 percent of rejection risk, and the risk of rejection in DMEK corneal transplantation is reduced to less than 1 percent.

How long does it take to recover from a corneal transplant?

Depending on the type of the corneal transplant, Full recovery may take between 6 to 12 weeks. But that time is for achieving the best result in the clarity of vision. You can go back to normal life after two or three weeks. But you are not to do any activities that would put pressure on the eye, like weight lifting, for three to four weeks. You cannot drive or swim until your eye specialist allows you to.

How painful is a corneal transplant?

During the surgery, you will experience no pain, since you will be given a local anesthesia. Some swelling and discomfort is normal after the surgery, but if you are experiencing a significant amount of pain, you should visit your eye doctor immediately, since excessive pain can be a symptom of cornea tissue rejection.

Can you go blind from a corneal transplant?

The rate of rejection, in all types of corneal transplantation, is from one to twenty percent, plus you will be given medications and eye drops that will impede the corneal transplantation rejection. With all these measures taken, if your body rejects the donated tissue, the surgery will be repeated. If those surgeries are not unsuccessful, blindness might result.   

Do you have to lay flat after a corneal transplant?

One of the first things after the DSEC and a DMEC corneal surgery is the positioning of the patient. Right after the surgery, the patient has to lay flat for 24 hours at least. Because an air bubble is left inside the interior of the eye, this air bubble helps push against the implanted graft in order to help it stick in its place. The patient has to lay flat for the air bubble to float up and come right up against the back of the implanted graft. The more the patient lays flat, the better is the chance of the graft staying attached to its place.

Do corneal transplants last forever?

If your body never rejects the transplanted tissue, the corneal transplant can last forever; however, rejection can happen at any time after the surgery, from one day to even 30 years from your corneal transplantation. If the transplant's new cells fail to cope with the eye, or if the tissue is rejected at any time, a new cornea has to be replaced with it in another corneal transplantation.

Why would someone need a cornea transplant?

If the cornea is damaged by conditions such as keratoconus, which causes the thinning of the cornea over time, a corneal transplantation is necessary to replace the damaged tissue. If the cornea is scarred by severe injury or infection, which can distort the vision, or if one suffers from eye conditions like Fuchs' dystrophy, which is an inherited eye disease, a corneal transplantation is the best option for treatment.

How is cornea transplant done?

Your doctor will first determine which layers of the cornea are damaged and need replacement. After the damaged part of the cornea is removed, it is replaced with the cornea of a donor, which is usually available at the eye bank. The donated tissue is then stitched to the eye with several stitches. In the case of DSEK or DMEK corneal transplantations, in which the tissue of the cornea is replaced only partially, an air bubble is placed under the cornea in order to position and keep the transplanted cornea in place.

What are the signs of corneal transplant rejection?

 Corneal graft rejection Diagnosis can only be made in implantations that have remained clear for at least 2 weeks after the corneal transplantation. A patient that undergoes a corneal transplant rejection might experience redness, discomfort, or pain in the eye, blurred vision, and constant eye watering. In these cases, an urgent visit must be immediately arranged with the eye surgeon.

Does a corneal transplant change eye color?

Since the normal and healthy cornea is clear and transparent, its replacement during a corneal transplantation will not change the color of the eye.

Why is a cornea transplant rejected?

 The chances of rejection in a corneal transplantation are very low. When the body recognizes the donor cornea as a foreign tissue, the cornea transplantation rejection happens. The body's immune system becomes activated and starts to destroy the transplanted tissue. Eye specialists make an effort to make sure that the donor's and the recipient's tissue types are matched in order to avoid the chances of rejection as much as possible.

What is the macula?

The macula is an oval-shaped part of the retina and is located at the back of the eye. It is the retina’s central part that responsible for focusing the central vision of the eye. Our central vision and the detail of what we see largely depend on the macula. 

What is macular degeneration?

Macular degeneration also goes by age-related macular degeneration is a medical condition in which the macula that controls our visual acuity is deteriorated. ARMD is the leading cause of vision loss among older people; that’s why it is called age-related- macular degeneration. 

What are the different types of ADM?

There are two types of age-related macular degeneration which are Dry and Wet;

Dry age-related macular degeneration is the most common type of ARMD in that it affects nearly more than 90% of the victims of this eye condition while wet AMD takes up approximately less than 10%. In dry ARMD, “drusen,” a small portion of fat and protein, start to pile up under the retina, which leads to aging and thinning of the macula. Usually, vision loss in dry AMD operates very slowly and in very rare cases, it leads to legal blindness. However, wet ARMD might make you totally go blind. Wet ARMD results from the gradual growth of fragile blood vessels under the retina that causes leakage of blood and fluids. Both wet and dry age-related macular degeneration are incurable. 


Is macular degeneration curable?

No, there’s no absolute treatment for ARMD. We can say that both wet and dry age-related macular degeneration are incurable. 

What are macular degeneration treatments currently available?

Although there is not yet a cure for age-related macular degeneration, you can rely on medications such as Bevacizumab(Avastin), Ranibizumab(Lucentis), Aflibercept(Eylea) or therapies to slow down or keep it from losing too much of your vision. 

Will age-related macular degeneration cause blindness?

No, not totally, but people with age-related macular degeneration may have a weak central vision. ARMD tends to get worse slowly, so you still have a chance to keep most of your vision. 

What are the signs and symptoms of age-related macular degeneration?

The most obvious symptoms are changes in your visions that include; difficulty in seeing the center of your vision, trouble to see in dim light, straight lines start to appear wavy, blurry or missing, fading, or changes in the appearance of colors. If you are experiencing the signs mentioned above, you’d better see an eye doctor as soon as possible. 

How is macular degeneration diagnosed?

Age-related macular degeneration is diagnosed through a comprehensive eye exam by an ophthalmologist.  Your doctor will check your overall health condition and history of your family. Then, he might perform the following tests; Autofluorescence, Ophthalmoscopy, Eye chart test, and detailed eye exam.  

How can I lower my risk for age-related degeneration?

As there’s no absolute cure for age-related macular degeneration, you have to prevent it from affecting you.  To decrease the risk of ARMD, these are some tips; quit smoking, control your blood pressure and cholesterol levels, exercise regularly, eat omega-3 fatty acid, and wear sunglasses when you’re outdoor. 

Is age-related macular degeneration contagious?

No, it’s not a kind of disease that passes from one person to another. 

Does macular degeneration only affect older people?

Typically, age-related macular degeneration appears only in older people aged 50 and above. However, in some rare cases, young people may develop it and is caused by a specific gene defect. 

Can we get age-related macular degeneration in both eyes?

Yes. It is possible to have wet age-related macular degeneration in one eye and dry age-related macular degeneration in the other. Sometimes both eyes might have wet macular degeneration.  

Will reading affect AMD?

No, your macular degeneration will not worsen by reading. But you might find yourself tired when you’re reading and you can have a break a bit more often. 

Is age-related macular degeneration painful?

No, at all. People check their eyes for any possible sign of age-related macular degeneration because they might be unaware of any visual system or feeling pain.  So it does not cause pain. 

Is age-related macular degeneration genetic?

Yes. If you have a family member affected by the disease, there is a 50% chance you might get the disease. This is because of the genetic link that you have. 

Does cataract surgery increase the risk of macular disease progression?

Opinions about this case are different.  But we can safely say that cataract surgery does not contribute to the worsening of age-related macular degeneration. In some cases, dense cataracts mask the signs of macular degeneration and when it is removed, the symptoms of macular degeneration become more obvious. That’s why some people think that cataract surgery worsens the macular degeneration.

Does taking some medications affect my age-related macular degeneration?

Yes. You have to consult with your doctor before taking any medications because some of them may elevate the risk of developing AMD. 

Does age always cause macular degeneration?

Yes. Since it is directly linked to age, so aging is the main factor that causes AMD. 

Is macular degeneration treated in MedtourIran?

Yes. MedtourIran company has a committed team of eye doctors that treat almost any disease of the eye. 

Does Omega 3 help macular degeneration?

Yes. So much research has been conducted on this issue and the result is positive. Omega 3 includes fish oil, krill oil, and cod liver oil and it does help the eye. 

What is LASIK eye surgery?

LASIK eye surgery is a surgical procedure performed by a specialist doctor, using modern techniques and devices to modify the cornea of the eye, correct vision, visual defects, and aims to get rid of medical glasses and contact lenses.

What is the difference between LASEK and LASIK?

Both LASIK and LASEK procedures correct vision defects, but there is a difference in the form of laser application in either of these two processes. In the LASIK process, the laser beams are projected after removing thin layers of the cornea, and the projected beams create changes in the newly developed layer. However, in the LASEK, the laser is applied directly to the cornea without the need to eradicate any layer of it.

What is the difference between LASIK and BRK?

The LASIK and PRK process improve vision defects, but there is a difference in the form of laser use in either of these two processes.

In the LASIK process, the laser beams are projected after removing thin layers of the cornea, and the projected beams create changes in the newly developed layer. However, in PRK, a very thin layer of several dozen microns is removed, and it works to reduce ocular refractive defects after finding the necessary changes in the balance of corneal curvature.


Who is a candidate for LASIK eye surgery?

The Lasik eye process can be performed for almost all people with a normal healthy state.

Who are not a suitable candidate for LASIK eye surgery?

In general, all people can have LASIK eye surgery. However, children and young people (the minimum age for the operation is 18 years), the elderly, the pregnant and breastfeeding woman, people who suffer from some eye diseases, people taking some special medications can't undergo LASIK eye surgery. 

What is the appropriate age for Lasik eye surgery?

The age must not be less than eighteen years, and the person should not be older than 45 years old.

Is there an age limitation for the LASIK eye surgery?

Yes, a person must be no less than 18 years old or more than approximately 45 years old.

How much is the cost of LASIK eye surgery in Iran?

The cost of LASIK eye surgery in Iran is very affordable. You can refer to our packages about the cost of LASIK eye surgery. 

How long is the recovery period after LASIK eye surgery?

A person can get to his daily activities after 24 hours. 

What is the success rate of LASIK eye surgery?

Lasik is one of the most successful operations to correct and improve eye defects.

Is LASIK eye surgery painful?

No, LASIK eye surgery is not painful.

Can people with nearsightedness, farsightedness, or astigmatism have LASIK eye surgery?

Yes, LASIK eye surgery is considered one of the most successfully performed operations of vision correction and it treats nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism. 

What are the side effects of LASIK eye surgery?

Correcting unwanted vision - dry eyes - double vision – difficulty seeing at night - eye infection.

What are the advantages of the Lasik process?

Evidently, it is a safe operation. LASIK eye surgery is one of the most successfully performed eye operations in that it doesn't accompany feeling pain, and what's more, performing LASIK surgery is very quick and it takes no more than 10 minutes.

What should we do after LASIK eye surgery?

Wearing sunglasses - avoiding exposure to light - wearing contact lenses according to the doctor's prescription - not rubbing the eyes - using some drops according to the doctor's prescription - avoiding sports and makeup for a particular period of time. 

Why Iran for LASIK eye surgery?

Iran is one of the developed countries in medicine and surgical procedures, including Lasik eye operation, with reasonable cost and high quality.

Why is MedtourIran a proper choice for LASIK eye surgery in Iran?

MedtourIran enjoys one of the most advanced medical centers and specialized doctors, plus the reasonable cost of the surgery makes MedtourIran a proper choice for performing LASIK surgery in Iran. 

Do I have to use contact lenses and medical glasses after LASIK eye surgery?

No, Lasik surgery corrects eye defects and leads to the disposal of eyeglasses and contact lenses.

When do you need to see a doctor for your eyelid twitch?

If the twitching continues for more than a few weeks, you need to see your eye doctor. If you are having Drooping eyelids, or are experiencing discharge from the eye, twitching in other parts of the face or body, red or swollen eyes, and difficulty opening the eye after each twitch, which closes the eye completely the condition might be rather serious.

How can I make my eye to stop twitching?

The first step is to reduce your stress and get more rest. If these steps do not work, it is time to take more serious measures. For one, you should lower your caffeine intake, or change the type of caffeine you are consuming with changing it from coffee to tea. Over the counter Antihistamines, both oral and in the form of eye drops, will help with the more severe or persistent types of eyelid twitching.

What does the twitching of my left eye mean?

Scientifically speaking, there is no difference between the twitching of the right eye and the left eye. Some Superstitious beliefs say that twitching in the right or left eye means different things; for example, that something good or bad is going to happen. But getting plenty of sleep and eliminating stress is much more likely to stop your eye twitching, and to bring you good health and consequently, good luck!

Is eye twitching a sign of stroke?

An eye twitch on its own, cannot be a sign of stroke. Very infrequently, eye twitching may be a sign of particular brain and nervous system disorders; for example, Parkinson's disease, Bell's palsy, cervical dystonia, Multiple sclerosis, Oromandibular dystonia, and facial dystonia, Dystonia, Tourette syndrome. If that be the case, the eyelid twitching will always be accompanied by other symptoms.

Can dehydration cause eye twitching?

Dehydration will affect your eyes in several ways. Just like any other organ in your body, your eyes need water to function sufficiently. To protect and lubricate the eyes, a layer of tears should always cover them to wash away fragments and bacteria. Dehydration will lead to dry eyes, and consequently, eyelid twitch can be caused by dry or irritated eyes.

Is eye twitching a symptom of high blood pressure?

 Blood pressure indeed has some effects on the eyes. Yet we can't tell whether you got blood pressure or not based on twitching. Since eyelid twitch can have many causes, most important of them being a high level of stress, fatigue, and high caffeine intake. Eyelid twitching, along with chest pain and trouble in breathing, can be a symptom of blood pressure. Blood vessel's pulsation is also a consequence when blood pressure goes up. This pounding in blood vessels can irritate nerves in the eyes, which can cause a twitching eyelid.

Can eye twitching be a sign of a brain tumor?

Seizures or convulsions can be one of the typical symptoms for intracranial neoplasm or brain tumors. These symptoms of brain cancers consist of controlled and repetitive movements like spasms, twitches, or jerking motions. But these signs alone never mean that one has a brain tumor. These symptoms, along with unconsciousness, contractions, and not having control over bodily functions, are just a few signs one might experience if they have brain cancer.

Why is my upper eyelid twitching?

There is no difference between the twitching that happens in the upper or lower eyelid. Both of the cases are normal if they go away in a few days. The main reasons for these eyelid twitches are either eye strain, fatigue, high amount of caffeine or alcohol intake, or a high level of stress.

Can eye twitching be a sign of diabetes?

Since there are many causes for a twitching eye, eye twitching alone, cannot be a symptom of diabetes. Aside from eye twitching, which may or may not happen in a case of diabetes, diabetes itself has pronounced symptoms. Losing a significant amount of weight quickly, an increase in the frequency of urination, extreme hunger almost immediately after eating, and feeling of fatigue, can all be signs of diabetes along with a twitching eyelid.

What causes Blepharospasm?

Since "Benign Essential Blepharospasm" is the more severe form an eyelid twitch, it shares many of its causes with eye twitching. Therefore, stress, fatigue, and caffeine are some of the major causes of Blepharospasm. Blepharospasm can also be originated from some neurological problems. But some of the causes of Blepharospasm is still unknown.

Can too much screen time cause eye twitching?

One of the most important reasons for eyelid twitch is eye fatigue and eye strain, which sitting in front of a screen all the time is very likely to cause. If you cannot take long breaks from the screen every once in a while, following the 20-20-20 rule can be beneficial for you. After 20 minutes of screen work, take a 20-second break looking at something 20 feet away from your eyes.

What is a low vision?

The term low vision refers to anyone who has a chronic vision impairment that cannot be corrected with glasses, contact lenses, medication, or even surgery. Often, vision impairment can cause difficulty in performing daily activities, such as reading, seeing faces, watching television, or traveling independently. So when optimal refractive correction is not adequate for the patient’s needs, he/she is suffering from low vision.

What does a low vision specialist do?

Low vision optometrists can offer support at the point of diagnosis and throughout the sight loss process via a contact in optometry practices and in hospital departments. There are extremely varied factors based on which a low vision specialist can help modify the life of the low vision patient. Age, health, occupation, support network, marital status, stage of sight loss, and the things that they used to enjoy doing before their vision became impaired, are some of those factors. To get a referral to a specialist in low vision, you should go and see your regular eye care provider first.

What causes low vision?

Low vision can be the consequence of a variety of eye diseases and health conditions. Almost 45 percent of all cases of low vision is a result of Age-related macular degeneration. Many people with cataract, albinism, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, Stroke, Eye trauma, eye cancer, genetic eye disorders, or brain injury, suffer from low vision as well.

What are the symptoms of low vision?

Some of the symptoms of low vision are difficulty in reading, loss of central vision, contrast sensitivity, night blindness, glare sensitivity, loss of peripheral vision, blurred vision, reduced visual acuity or visual field, eye misalignment, poor judgment of depth, misperception in visual tasks, double vision, abnormal body posture and balance problems, headaches, and dizziness.

How do you treat low vision?

 Low vision cannot be completely treated with medication. Although there may not be anything medically or surgically, that can be done for low vision, but from the standpoint of enhancing functional vision, there are many things that can be done. A vision rehabilitation specialist can help to maximize the remaining vision of those patients who suffer from chronic low vision in a variety of ways. Using different tools or devices such as magnifiers, filters, contrast enhancement, or even using our other senses such as touch or hearing are used to supplement the vision changes. Low vision individuals do not have to give up on things that they enjoy doing.

Who is considered as a low vision patient?

 The following classifications are used by The World Health Organization for visual impairment and low vision. The numbers refer to the vision in the healthier eye with the best possible glasses modification.

• mild vision loss, or near-normal vision: 20/30 to 20/60

• moderate low vision, or moderate visual impairment: 20/70 to 20/160

• severe low vision, or severe visual impairment: 20/200 to 20/400

• profound visual impairment, or profound low vision: 20/500 to 20/1,000

• near-total visual impairment, or near-total blindness: less than 20/1,000

• total visual impairment, or total blindness: no light perception


What does a low vision clinic do?

 Low vision clinics help those with low vision to not only maintain independence, but also pursue their goals, hobbies, and passions. Low vision rehabilitation services, show low vision individuals the ways that they can continue to remain independent in their own homes, be able to maintain their own finances, Read the newspaper and do all those things that are part of everyday life. There are experts that help low vision people learn to use new technology such as iPhones and assistive technology software.

Does low vision glasses work?

 In some cases, low vision people have difficulty seeing things at a distance, such as faces or watching television. Telescopic glasses have a double lens that allows magnification when people are looking at something that is far away. This device is worn similarly to a traditional pair of glasses. Low vision glasses can allow the low vision individual to see the details when seeing things at a distance.

What is a digital magnifier for low vision?

 An Electronic magnifier has a camera on one side, and when you put that on top of the reading material, it can enhance the magnification, there are also a variety of different settings to manipulate that print in any way that is desirable to the low vision patient. Another feature of this magnifiers is contrast enhancement.

What do people with low vision see?

Depending on the eye condition that has caused low vision, and its severity, the impact is varied for each patient. The exact nature of the loss varies from individual to individual. There may be a black spot, distortion, smudges, or gray or white haze. Some people notice that looking slightly off-center, they can find a sharper image; this condition is called eccentric viewing. Central vision loss has its most significant impact on tasks that involve details such as reading, face recognition, counting and locating items, and the like.

Can Young People Develop Low Vision?

 Genetic conditions can cause low vision among young people too. Low vision can be a consequence of a type of hereditary juvenile form of the macular degeneration called "Stargardt Macular Dystrophy". Albinism, infantile cataract, glaucoma, and nystagmus may also cause low vision in young people.

What are low vision aids?

There exist many devices that can help a low vision patient with daily activities. A hand-held magnifier has a light bulb and can magnify every image it is placed on. Magnifiers allow a low vision person to read small print again. Other types of magnifiers include magnifiers on stands, spectacle-mounted magnifiers, and also telescopes and electronic magnifiers. Such devises can enable low vision individuals to do Simple things like going to the restaurant and looking at a menu, or Looking at price tags in a store with no problem.

Who is a candidate for breast augmentation?

Patients that have been born with a very small chest for which they were self-conscious or breast asymmetry, which makes them self-conscious, or deflation after pregnancy and breastfeeding, are great candidates for breast augmentation. When these problems are resolved, their confidence will be severely elevated. If someone has a difference in size between the two breasts, it could be useful to have an implant with a lower profile on the larger breast, and then the smaller breast could be augmented with a high-profile implant so that even breast size is achieved.

Is breast augmentation painful?

The typical recovery time, depending on the patient, and depending on the size of the implant, is usually three or four days of pain medication followed by about a solid week of downtime. The larger the implant is, obviously, the more uncomfortable they will be. Depending on the placement of the breast implant you choose, either “sub pectoral” (under the muscle) or “sub mammary” (on top of the muscle), the pain level can be different. Augmentation mammoplasty can be a little bit more painful when the breast implant is placed underneath the muscle postoperatively.

How soon can I smoke after breast augmentation?

Two months before surgery, the most important thing is to stop smoking, and this includes all nicotine products. Anything that affects your lungs will affect the way that you recover from surgery and can also maximize complications. Any kind of nicotine can interfere with the blood flow to the skin, and that affects wound healing. So potentially, your skin could die and fall off your wounds.

What are gummy bear breast implants?

The new generation of breast implants are often referred to as gummy bear implants. Because when we cut them, the inside looks like a gummy bear. The reason for these enhancements in silicone is that in the older generations of silicone implants, there was a honey-like gel on the inside. The gummy bear implant is filled with more silicone, which helps maintain the implant’s shape. The plastic surgeons hope that there wouldn’t be any spill of silicone, like what some would experience with the older generations of breast implants.

How dangerous is breast augmentation surgery?

There are three most discussed and probably most well-known complications of breast augmentation surgery: Bleeding, asymmetry, and capsular contracture. The risk of bleeding is very low, and it can be stopped easily, especially in breast augmentation surgery and especially if the procedure is performed by an experienced plastic surgeon under direct vision.

How long is the recovery after breast implants?

You will usually be in the hospital for one night after the operation. Most people take about two weeks off work. You will need to avoid any high-impact exercise for four to six weeks after the surgery, and although there are some complications associated with breast augmentation, most people recover extremely well, and they’re delighted with the results.

Is it necessary to wear a bra after breast reconstruction?

You will be wearing a surgical bra when you wake up after your breast augmentation. You have to keep your surgical bra on for six to eight weeks after the surgery. You should not wear sports bras or real bras, since it will put pressure on your breast implants.

What can I expect after breast reconstruction?

After your breast surgery, there will be a lot of swelling. Your chest will feel tight, especially if the implant is going under the muscle; since the muscle has to stretch out for that implant. As you recover, one breast may swell a little bit more, or the swelling may come down on one side. That is totally normal if you use your arm more on one side. So if you’re right-handed, your right side might swell more. Putting ice on top and on the side will help reduce the swelling. It is also normal to feel a little bit numb on the side of your breasts and on the nipples for four to six weeks.

How do you massage your breasts after augmentation?

For breast implants, there are long-term instructions. At around two weeks after your breast reconstruction, you will have to start breast massage, and it is not complicated. You just press in, press up, and press down, and hold each for 10 seconds.

What are the medical restrictions before breast augmentation?

 It is so important to stop all aspirin, Motrin, ibuprofen, Alleve (naproxen) use, vitamins and herbals intake, and alcohol two weeks before and after surgery. Make sure that your body is cleansed of any additional substances. These substances could potentially cause bleeding during surgery.

Is silicone or saline breast implant better?

There are so many different types of breast implants by many different manufacturers. It is very tricky to figure out where to go and what to choose. One is saline implants, which is typically a silicone shell inflated with saline, which is saltwater, to the size and shape that the patient wants. The other is a silicone shell, which is usually with a cohesive silicone gel inside that shell. Silicone implants tend to be a little bit more superior, because they last longer and have a little bit less rippling, which is a common problem with saline implants, and the warranty on silicone implants is better.

How has breast implant technology changed?

There are two different generations of breast implants. All breast implants, whether saline or silicone, have a surface membrane, and their outer shell is all made of silicone, so even if you choose to have a saline implant, the outer shell will be made of silicone. In the newer generation of breast implants, the silicone on the inside is more cohesive, and this means that the silicone is a little bit firmer. So the implant might actually feel a little bit firmer, but the advantage of this firmness is that the silicone stays together. If a cohesive gummy bear silicone is cut in half and squeezed, the silicone gets back into its original shape.

What should I know before getting breast implants?

In breast enhancement surgery, there are a number of things your surgeon should help you decide, and those are the size and type of implants that you’d like to choose. Implants vary according to their shape. You can get round or anatomical (sometimes called teardrop) shape implants, which have a firmer consistency and so a slightly firmer feel to them. You should also consider the placement of your implant, whether you wear it under the breast or under the muscle. These have advantages and disadvantages which you should discuss with your surgeon. You may also consider doing some additional procedures, such as a small breast uplift or other reconstructive procedures.

How long does fat transfer last?

After a fat transfer procedure, all the fat which is placed in the specific area will not survive. Approximately 50 to 70 percent of the fat stays in place for the long term, while the rest of the fat cells will be removed by the body’s waste removal systems over the following months after fat transfer surgery.

What happens when the fat cells die after the fat injection procedure?

Many may be worried if all the injected fat cells die, or wonder about what happens to the fat cells. The body is an amazing mechanism. Our bodies are simply going to wash the dead fat cells away and reabsorb them into our bodies. Then they get excreted through the liver. So there nothing to worry about.

How to get the best results after your fat transfer?

There are a few things that you can do to help more injected fat to survive. The first and most important thing is not putting pressure on the area for two weeks and limited pressure for two months. Follow a diet and exercise that will not involve burning fat. Using warm compress on the area, applying Cypress oil on the area, and staying as hydrated as possible are some other ways to help create more blood flow in the injected area.

What should one expect after fat transfer?

Right after the procedure, the area injected with fat will be bulky, swollen, full, and very firm. So you will be feeling a lot of pressure. Over the next few days, your body will reabsorb some of the fluids and some of the swelling. So the injected area will start to soften up and get smaller. Over the next few weeks and a few months, you’re going to lose some of the transferred fat cells. The studies have shown that we expect to lose about forty to fifty percent of the fat cells, which is why your doctor over injects the area with fat, and why you’re big and swollen after the fat injection procedure.

How do you take care of the injected area after fat transfer?

For fat transfer, the aftercare is really important. Remember that you are having live tissue transferred from one area to another. Look after and be gentle with the areas that have been treated to minimize the risk of getting irregularities, lumps, bumps, and any form of deviations during the aftercare recovery period. Over the next few months, your body is going to start creating a blood supply and bringing new blood to the area to help the fat survive. That is why it’s important to keep the pressure off the area.

What are the risks of fat transfer?

There are the risks of infection and pain for which you will get a course of antibiotics and some pain killers. The antibiotics are preventative, and you should start taking them a day before the fat transfer procedure. The pain killers are required to reduce the discomfort that you’ll experience in the first few days after fat injection. Patients will take pain killers from one day to six or seven days, depending on their threshold of discomfort.

How does fat grafting work?

Fat grafting involves taking fat from areas where you have it in excess or where you don’t want it, and putting it in areas where you want it. The body will establish its own blood supply to nourish and maintain the implanted fat cells. Once the blood supply is established, the results are permanent in a percentage of patients.

Who is a good candidate for fat injection?

If you have a clump or a deformity to your breast, the fat from your stomach can be moved and gently grafted into that clump. If you have an abnormality like constricted or tuberous breasts deformity, or you just like your breast a little bit bigger, the fat can often be taken from your hips, thighs, or abdomen and grafted into your breasts. To give you an overall increase in volume, the same can be done to augment your buttocks or your face.

When can I wear a bra after fat transfer?

 It is important to wear the support garments after the fat injection procedure constantly. In fat transfer breast enlargement, the support bra needs to be worn for at least three weeks, and 24 hours a day. The reason you wear the support garment is to make sure that you remember that you’ve had something done, so you treat the area delicately, and in fat transfer breast augmentations, make sure that you sleep on your back after the procedure.

How long is the recovery time for Fat Transfer?

The time to return to normal levels of activity after the fat transfer depends on patients, and that can take anywhere from one day to three days. You should be able to get back into your normal life routine pretty much the next day. With regard to getting back to exercise, taking at least three days of not doing any heavy activity is recommended. Prior to that, you can remain active and do lots of walking and possibly start a bit of yoga or cycling.

Can belly fat be used for breast reconstruction?

Breast augmentation using fat transfer uses a patient’s belly or thigh living fat to increase their breast size. Subtle breast size increases, and natural improvements to breast cleavage can be achieved with fat grafting. The concern for any issues associated with breast implants, such as capsular contracture or breast implant rupture is not existent in fat transfer, so some patients opt for fat grafting as a no-maintenance option for safe and natural results.

What is the difference between a tummy tuck and Abdominoplasty?

Abdominoplasty is the technical term for a tummy tuck. Therefore, abdominoplasty and tummy tuck are basically the same procedure. Abdominoplasty can improve the appearance of the abdominal contour and skin. Tummy tuck surgery removes excess abdominal skin and fat and can reduce the lower abdominal bulge by tightening the rectus muscle if it is necessary.

Does Abdominoplasty have any side effects?

Patients undergoing abdominoplasty surgery may have certain side effects. They will typically have a scar along the lower abdomen or pelvic area and one around the belly button. They will typically have reduced sensation over the abdomen, which generally recovers after a short period of time, except for the area right around the scars. 

How long does it take to recover from Abdominoplasty?

 Most patients recover from tummy tuck without any problem. Surgery is generally a one day surgery, and patients go home the same day. Patients are encouraged to ambulate or walk immediately after surgery, and move their ankles to prevent blood clots. Patients are unable to go swimming or submerse in a bath for six weeks; however, you may take an immediate shower while drains are removed after seven to twelve days. Patients may return to desk activities at approximately two weeks after surgery, and full activities at six weeks after surgery.

Can you get a tummy tuck if you smoke?

People who smoke cannot have an abdominoplasty or tummy tuck surgery. After Abdominoplasty, the major risk factor for wound breakdown is smoking cigarettes. Patients must stop all nicotine products, including vape smoking and cigarette smoking at least three months before a tummy tuck surgery and for two months after the abdominoplasty.

What are the risk factors of an abdominoplasty?

Risk factors include smoking, a basal metabolic index greater than 30, diabetes, advanced age, or prior surgical incisions on the abdominal wall, such as a gallbladder incision from an open gallbladder surgery. These types of incisions can impair the flow of blood and nutrition to the healing abdominal wall after surgery.

How dangerous is Abdominoplasty?

Some of the possible complications are loss of sensation in the upper thigh region and the belly button, bleeding, the formation of fat necrosis, breakdown of some of the deeper fat tissue, infection, injury to the organs underneath the muscles, and blood clot formation in the leg. Some patients may need further surgery for a minor or significant complication.

How painful is an Abdominoplasty?

After abdominoplasty surgery, patients will experience some discomfort or pain. The pain is almost entirely due to the repair of the rectus diastasis or hernia repair. If the patient does not undergo the repair of the rectus muscles or the tightening of the muscles, they would not require the use of a binder after surgery, and they would not have significant pain after Abdominoplasty. In fact, those patients will only need to take some extra strength pain killers for two days postoperatively, and this will be their only pain control after the tummy tuck surgery.

How does the scar look like after a tummy tuck?

If an increased amount of removal of the central skin is needed, there will be a vertical central scar in addition to the scars around the belly button and a scar located under the stomach. The position of the abdominal scar is discussed with the patients before the tummy tuck. The scar can be situated in such a way that it hides under the preferred undergarments of the patient. This is something that your plastic surgeon can discuss with you before the surgery so that the scars are placed in a place that you prefer the most. 

What is Fleur de Lis Abdominoplasty?

For some of the patients who have undergone massive weight loss, and require removal of more central skin, a fleur-de-lis abdominoplasty is performed. This results in the addition of a vertical scar, which is an addition to the standard horizontal scar at the time of abdominoplasty surgery. In a fleur-de-lis abdominoplasty, the second vertical incision allows the removal of an increased amount of horizontal skin excess in the midline tissue.

What is reverse Abdominoplasty?

Variants of abdominoplasty surgeries are used less commonly for patients who have significant scars on their belly. These patients may be best treated with a reverse abdominoplasty. In a reverse abdominoplasty, the incision line or scar is just under the breast tissue. 

What does your BMI have to be to get a tummy tuck?

 Ideally, patients have a basal metabolic index or BMI less than thirty prior to surgery in order to reduce the chance of complications. Higher BMI can increase the operative time, and hospital stay significantly. It can also increase the duration and amount of drainage from the scars, and it will also increase some of the minor and major local complications.

Will tummy tuck make my waist smaller?

During abdominoplasty surgery, most of the skin and fat are removed from the central portion. As we move to the outside or lateral portions, much less tissue and skin can be removed. But an extended incision abdominoplasty can be so much more effective or powerful on giving the patient a smaller waist size and an hourglass shape.

What is liposuction?

Liposuction is done to remove excess fat from specific parts of the body. This process is done by making a small incision by the doctor. A special needle attached to a transparent tube is inserted through the suction for excess fat. The doctor monitors the rate of fat extraction from the body. After the liposuction process is completed, the person wears a belt or pressure pants to support the incision area, and this takes a few days.

Which body area is suitable for liposuction?

The process of liposuction takes place in several areas of the body, including:

Belly, waistline, the face, the chin, the neck, Legs, Arms, Breasts, backsides, Thigh, The back. 


What are the types of liposuction?

The liposuction process takes place in 3 types:

Traditional liposuction,

The process of liposuction with modern techniques: 

The process of laser liposuction and The process of liposuction with a laser.


Does the fat return after liposuction?

When a person does not care about his lifestyle and the type of foods and drinks he consumes during the day after performing the liposuction process, he faces re-creation of fats again. Still, with continued sports and sports training and following the appropriate method in life, the person will not suffer from building up new extra fats.

Is liposuction painful?

The process of liposuction takes place under local anesthesia and for this reason, a person does not suffer from pain when performing the operation. When the procedure is over, he may feel pain for some days, and this pain will gradually decrease.

Is liposuction dangerous?

We cannot say that the liposuction process is not dangerous, but every process accompanies risk and the liposuction process is one of these operations. Some complications and risks related to the process of liposuction are temporary swelling or swelling, some temporary bruising, bleeding, infection, irregularity of the skin surface temporarily or permanently at times and the risks of anesthesia. Another rare risk is a fat embolism.

What is the relation between liposuction and pregnancy?

It is worth noting that liposuction does not affect pregnancy and does not prevent it. However, we can consider it as one of the means that help in removing a factor that causes delayed pregnancy, which is weight gain and removing it helps in pregnancy. But a woman should undergo liposuction six months before pregnancy, and if she does, she will not face the problem.

What are the tips after liposuction surgery?

It is necessary for a person to try some methods after the liposuction process until he reaches the required result completely. These tips are: the person is not exposed to direct sunlight, drinking water frequently so as not to let the skin dry, no exercise or exercise only after a Specific period and conducting a doctor's prescription and instructions. 

Is liposuction performed in Iran?

Yes. There are various types of liposuction in Iran, including conventional liposuction, laser liposuction, and laser liposuction. Advanced medical centers in different cities in Iran are performing liposuction by specialized doctors, modern devices, and technologies in the world. Those who undergo liposuction in Iran reach the desired results. Iran receives foreign patients every year and its reason is the many successes in the process of liposuction.

How long do collagen injections last?

In comparison to the other types of fillers which last about three to eight months depending on their varieties, and are considered to be temporary, collagen injection is considered to be a permanent filler that lasts up to even five years. 

What are collagen injections used for?

As we age, the production of collagen type one, which is the most beneficial and abundant type of collagen in our body decreases. Collagen injections are used to make up for that lack of collagen in the aged skin. Collagen injections can also be used for the same purpose as fillers, which is to plump lips, correct wrinkles, and counter the face and the body. Collagen injection can heal and smooth out some scarred tissues as well.

What is the side effect of collagen injection?

If the collagen that is used for your injection is taken from cow sources, your body might show allergic reactions to it. These reactions may appear as abscesses or bumps, Skin rash, or itchiness on your skin. Infection, bruising, redness and bleeding are other possible side effects of collagen injection.

Is collagen injection good for skin?

Collagen is considered to be the supporting structure of the skin, and Since collagen injection makes up for the type of natural collagen that we lose as we get older, it can give the skin an overall younger, fresher and healthier look. Plus, it can help with some of the scars and smooth out some of the wrinkles.

How can I restore collagen in my face?

If you’re eating whole foods and land-based mammals, you must know that the muscle that you eat is not going to contain the collagen that you are looking for. Type one collagen, which a normal, young skin has about 90 percent of it, can be found more in connective tissues and the skin of the animals. Eating foods and vegetables that have type one collagen, and staying as hydrated as possible is the way to keep and restore your skin collagen.

What does collagen do to your face?

The five most common collagen types in the human body have different functions. Type 1 collagen, which comprises about 95 percent of the collagen in a young and healthy body, is good for skin, tendons, ligaments, vasculature, organs, bone (as the main component of the organic part of the bone), hair and nails. Collagen strengthens the skin and is responsible for the elasticity and hydration of the face and the skin.

Where do you inject collagen?

 Collagen injection can be used all over the body. It is primarily used in the face, but it can be used in butt lift surgeries, in the arms, the hands, and many other places. Collagen injection can also be used on any other part of the body where there may be a depression to fill. It is also excellent for areas of cellulite in the skin.

Can collagen injections help acne scars?

 According to some studies, collagen injection can help with the improvement of certain scars, and acne scars are one of them. After an injury, the immune system uses collagen, first to stop the body from bleeding by closing the wound and forming the scar with a different type of collagen ( type 3). Type one collagen can help form new skin in the area, and collagen injection can make this process faster and more efficient.

What does Type 1 collagen do?

Even though there are different types of collagen in our body, what we mostly need is type one. Type one collagen is the beneficial type of collagen to take for the majority of the body parts and functions that need collagen.

What type of collagen is best for bones?

Collagen comprises about 80 to 90 percent of the organic substance in demineralized dentin and bone. Dentin is a kind of bone tooth under our enamel, and the actual tooth is made out of that. Out of that 80 to 90 percent of collagen, type 1 collagen comprises approximately 95 percent of the entire collagen content of the bone.

Is Bellafill better or hyaluronic acid fillers?

 Bellafill gives the skin a natural, elegant fill effect that lasts for the long-term. It does not look overdone or too puffy like some of the hyaluronic acid fillers. Unlike fillers like hyaluronic acid, it also promotes your own body to make new collagen fibers.

What are the risks of Botox injection?

Asymmetries and Botox inadvertently affecting non-targeted muscles are the risks of Botox injection. Asymmetries, such as uneven brows, can be addressed with the additional placement of Botox to create a better Balance. Sometimes, facial muscle can be affected. If the Botox is not directly placed in the upper eyelid area, it could result in temporary mild ptosis. But the effect is caused by a relatively low dose, which means that the muscle activity typically returns much sooner than the intentionally treated muscles.

Can Botox tighten neck skin?

As we get older, especially in people that have thin neck skin, we can get platysmal bands. Platysmal bands are wrinkles of the neck. Their most common place is the two bands at the midline of the neck. They are usually a combination of loose muscle, called the platysma muscle, with loose skin. You can inject Botox right into those bands. Within a week, the Botox causes the muscles that create those bands to weaken, and the bands to smooth out. It works very well if you have very tight skin.

Can Botox make eyebrows higher?

When people who have a relatively low eyebrow get Botox injection across the forehead, they can get major brow drop. The other thing is the opposite, called Botox eyebrow. In those people who have a fairly good arch of eyebrows, if you inject Botox a lot of in the center of the brow and not on the sides, you can get an unnatural lifting effect, where the person gets an angry look.

What are the side effects of Botox in the forehead?

If you have never injected Botox before and you are nervous about having it done, it is not recommended that you start your Botox treatment with the forehead. Because when it comes down to Botox on the forehead, you want to make sure that your doctor is looking at your eyebrow and considering their anatomy very carefully. Because it can cause major changes in how you look that you can’t get if you are injecting Botox to the glabella or the crow’s feet.

Why do people get Botox in their jaw?

You can inject Botox into the masseter muscles. The masseter muscles are the muscles that are on the side of your jaw, so if you clench your teeth, you will feel that muscle there. People who chew a lot of gum, or grind their teeth a lot at night or those who get an overgrowth of the masseter muscle which makes the jaw look a bit wide are great candidates for jaw Botox injection. If we inject Botox into that muscle, we can cause that muscle to atrophy with time and to get thinner. Also, somebody who may have a bit of a rounder or fuller face can be helped re-contour their face to make it thinner by injecting Botox.

Where to inject Botox to lift the corners of the mouth?

For permanent frowned lips, if you inject just a very small amount of Botox under each corner of the mouth, you can lift its corners and turn that unchanging frown upside down. What your doctor does is that they have the patient try to pull the corners of their mouth down, so that they can see where that muscle pulls, and inject right into that superficial muscle.

Does Botox make wrinkles worse?

With just a small bit of crossing in the process of Botox injection, new lines may appear. So when you have too much Botox in one area, you can start to get new lines. The most common two places for this to happen are: if you have too much Botox around the side of the eyes you can start to get lines underneath the eyes; or if you have too much Botox in between the eyebrows to get rid of frown lines, you can start to get stronger lines across the forehead.

Is Botox Safe for lips?

 There are people who have wrinkles around their lips, and some doctors inject a bit of Botox around the mouth. Injecting Botox around your mouth is like trying to thread the needle, because if you inject too much, then the person might drool when they drink out of a cup. If you inject too much of Botox there, you may not be able to smile or kiss or drink out of a straw, and if you don’t inject enough, then you just don’t see much of a change.

Can you get a droopy eyelid if you get Botox in the crow’s feet?

It is possible to get a droopy eyelid from Botox in the crow’s feet. A droopy eyelid is when the eyelid won’t open all the way. So after getting Botox, if one eyelid opens completely and the other does not, it means that the Botox has seeped around where the actual eyelid lifting mechanism is. If you inject Botox in the crow’s feet, it should be far away enough that it is not going to be an issue.

How many days does it take Botox to work?

Within about a week After Botox injection, the muscles become so weak that the wrinkles start to smooth out. The effectiveness of Botox usually lasts about three to four months.

Does Botox drop your eyebrows?

 It is very common to get a droopy brow when you inject Botox into the forehead. If you inject Botox too close and above the actual brow, it will cause the eyebrow to drop. When Botox is done poorly in the forehead, people can get unusual and unnatural appearances. If one’s eyebrows are fairly low and they inject Botox across the forehead, causing those front house muscles to be completely weakened, one can get a dropped eyebrow; and you’ve got three months before you’ll be able to lift them up again.

Why is Botox so popular?

 The world has more than embraced botulinum toxin or Botox for aesthetic purposes. Botox injection is the most popular non-surgical cosmetic medical procedure in the world. Botox is also the number one cosmetic treatment in the history of the world. In the United States, five million people undergo Botox injections every year. The reason why it has become so popular is because it works so well.

Will Botox get cheaper?

Problems with Botox and other fillers are often associated with people thinking that cheap Botox or fillers are a good idea. A lot of the typical low-cost botulinum toxin is delivered by over dilution of the product. So the effects don’t last as long as they should. Instead of calling it cheap Botox, it is often referred to as expensive water. On a more serious note, the product is as good as the practitioner performing the procedure knowing the muscular anatomy and understanding how to precisely dose and place the Botox. Botox injection is truly an art that takes years to develop.  

Is a chemical peel good for skin?

Depending on the layer of the chemical peel and the strength of the skin, a chemical peel can act as a quick fix to the skin. Medium chemical peels help a lot with sun damage and ptosis. These chemical peels can soften the surface of the skin and decrease lines and wrinkles. For patients who struggle with acne, a medium chemical peel can improve the acne and soften the old acne Scars. A chemical peel can also be preventative in eradicating some of the early signs of skin cancer.  

How long does it take to recover from a chemical peel?

You have to dedicate a little bit of extra recovery time to some different layers of chemical peels. The deeper the chemical peel, the results will be more dramatic and noticeable. But these results come with more care and more recovery time. In the case of medium chemical peels, the recovery time usually takes about two to three weeks. Your skin can be a little pink up to a few weeks after the chemical peel.

What are the side effects of chemical peeling?

A chemical peel is considered a safe procedure. The redness of the treated area is the most common side effect of chemical peels. After a medium or deep chemical peel, stinging or burning of the area is also normal and temporary. Getting dark brown patches of skin and a dry and leathery texture before the skin starts to peel are also prone to happen. Rare side effects include scarring and infection. Try not to do heavy exercise in the first two or three days after your chemical peel.  

Who is not a good candidate for chemical peels?

 People with natural dark skin tones might not be a good candidate for medium or deep chemical peels since chemical peels can increase the chances of having different skin tones. People who are using medications, or generally have a skin condition that makes their skin more irritable and sensitive than normal skins should not do a chemical peel treatment.

What should you do before a chemical peel?

Inform your doctor if you are taking any medications. The substances of some medicines may interact with the acids that are used in your chemical peel. There should be no open wound or soreness on the area that you want to peel. Do not get a tan and protect your skin from any level of sunburn. Stop smoking a month before your chemical peel because smoking will make your skin take much longer to heal, and this will increase the chance of infection.  

What can you not do after a chemical peel?

After a chemical peel, you must avoid direct sun exposure and reapply the sunblock cream your doctor has recommended every 2 to three hours. Avoid scratching the area and do not pull the dead skin off the area. Touching the area will increase the chance of infection and permanent scarring. Do not use skin products that will cause further exfoliation or any irritation to the skin.     

Are light chemical peels worth it?

 The light peel or lunchtime chemical peel removes only the top layer of the skin, the epidermis. This peel will instantly brighten your skin and give it a fresher and smoother appearance. A light chemical peel can minimize fine lines and wrinkles, and it can give you a little softening to mild acne scarring, age spots, and dry flaking skin. It is not going to be a big game-changer, but it will definitely give you a good place to start with your Skin rejuvenation and get that cellular turnover started.

How long should you avoid the sun after a chemical peel?

It’s not the first application of sunblock that is the most important; it’s the reapplication of sunblock that’s the most important. After any chemical peel, the skin is going to be sensitive and reactive, and you will be a magnet for hyperpigmentation when you go outside unprotected. Follow up with a good mineral zinc oxide-based sunblock and reapply it. Also, tanning is not allowed after a chemical peel at all.

How many chemical peels should I get?

One peel is not going to bring the skin the desired change. If you want to see results and maintain those results you should invest in a package of chemical peels, at least three in a series that gets that circulation or that cycle of the skin regenerating, cellular turnover, strengthening and processing, so that the skin starts to support itself and maintain at a deeper level. With regular use of chemical peels every six to eight weeks, depending on the level of peels, your skin is going to improve and become so clear, beautiful, fresh, and young.

Which is better chemical peel or laser peel?

Laser peel is basically shattering the pigment under your skin, so your skin can reabsorb and shed the skin off. But chemical peel is not using a direct heat injury, so it’s safe for melasma, and for darker skin tones, we can effectively treat pigment in those patients without worrying about hyperpigmentation. A chemical peel exfoliates the epidermis or the outer layer of the skin. A chemical peel will improve the skin’s texture, tone, and the pigment layer of the skin.

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